❖ National Inequality and regional disparity
Table of Contents
|Topic |Compiled by |Roll No | | | | | |Infrastructure |Himir .H. Shah |140 | |National Inequality and regional disparity | |Poverty Level |Suken Shah |149 | |Literacy Rates |Vikas Parikh |131 | |Per Capita Income |Vidhi Shah |150 | |Private Investment |Rafi Talati |147 | |Population Policy |Roma Shah |157 | |Graphical Comparisons | | | | |
INDIA CHINA INFRASTRUCTURE
India Infrastructure study :
The six core and infrastructure industries, viz., electricity, crude oil, petroleum refinery products, coal, steel and cement, having a weight of 26.7 per cent in overall Index of Industrial Production (IIP) achieved 6.8 per cent during 2000 :01 and has increased ever since. Several fiscal incentives were announced by the government for boosting investment in infrastructure projects. Ten :year tax holiday offered to projects in core sectors like roads, highways, waterways, water supply, sanitation and solid waste management systems can now be availed of during the initial 20 years. Projects in airports, ports, inland ports, industrial parks and generation and distribution of power can now avail of 10 :year tax holidays during the initial 15 years. The facility of five :year tax holiday available to the telecommunication sector till 31 March, 2000 was reintroduced for units commencing their operations on or before 31 March, 2003. The concessions were extended to internet service providers and broadband networks. Tax incentives were made available to investors providing long term finance to enterprises engaged in infrastructure. The Electricity Bill 2001 and the Communication Convergence Bill 2001 were introduced in Parliament.
The generation of power has increased impressively in recent years. In 1990 :91, India generated 6.6 billion kilowatt hour of electricity; in 1995 :96 the figure was 380.1 billion kilowatt hour. The installed capacity, which was 1400 MW at Independence in 1947, has crossed 83,288 MW. The policy of inviting private sector has been well received; about 140 offers that can generate over 60,000 MW of power have came in.
Generation Efficiency : Energy efficiency of a thermal power unit (plant) is expressed as the heat rate, measured as grams of standard coal equivalent (gsce) consumed per KWh electricity generated. The total system efficiency of generation depends on the heat rates of individual plants and the number of hours each is dispatched. This heat rate is dictated by technical factors such as size, combustion technology and vintage, as well as operational factors. Actual heat rates are often higher than the design...