Culture is a central instrument of discovering, integrating and asserting the national identity of India which truly and inevitably pluralistic. Culture permeates every sphere of human activity, determines and governs life and pattern of Indian society in diverse regions and equality, diverse fields.
The Indian Constitution, in 1950, declared Hindi in Devanagari Script to be the official language of the union. It was provided in the Constitution of India that English shall continue to be used for all official purposes of the Union till January 25, 1965 but the complete change over to Hindi was not practicable within the stipulated period. So English in addition to Hindi,
LANGUAGES OF INDIA
India is home to several hundred languages. Most languages spoken in India belong either to the Indo Aryan and Dravidian families of languages though some Indo- European languages are also spoken and understood.
The Indo - Aryan languages including Hindi, Rajasthani, Gujarati, Marathi, Bengali, Oriya, Assamese, Sanskrit, Kashmiri, Sindhi and Punjabi cover about three - fourths of EIGHTH GES OF THE ITUTION A India’s population. THE LANGU F THE CONST EO of the The languages of the SCHEDUL ghth schedule ified in the ei Southern India viz , Gujarathi, ua ges ar e spec li, Bodo, Dogri 22 Major la ng ssamese, Benga Telugu, Tamil, Kannada , Sanskrit, se are A aithili, Punjabi constitution. Tho ipuri, i, Konkani, M and Malayalam belong to , Kashmir alayalam, Man Hindi, Kananda lugu, Urdu, M the Dravidian family. i, Tamil, Te Santhali, Sindh i and Oriya. Of the Indo - European Marathi, Nepal languages, English is the most widely used one.
continues to be used for all official purposes as an associate official language.
The language of Parliamentary proceedings and laws
According to the constitution parliamentary proceedings may be conducted in either Hindi or English in Parliamentary proceedings was to be phased out at the end of fifteen years unless Parliament chose to extend its use, which parliament did through the Official Language Act, 1963 But the constitution laws including parliamentary enactments and statutory instruments are in English.
the ted clar ed to be cl fa r de experts constitu Languages so tee of linguistic of a commit Tamil (2004), ent of India are recommendation ture, Governm of Cul by the Ministry d Telugu (2008) 5), Kannada an skrit (200 San
NGUAGES ASSICAL LA on CL assica l ba sed
has a profound philosophy. The sacred tasks of Hindus are the Vedas, Upanishads, the Gita, the Ramayana and the Mahabharatha.
Jains form less than one percent of the Indian population. The states of Gujarat and Rajasthan have the highest concentration of Jain population in India. Jainism rejected the authority of the Vedas and Vedic rituals. It did not believe in the existence of God, but it believe in Karma and the transmigration of soul (Nirvana). The early Jains discarded the Sanskrit language and adopted Prakrit language.
Language of the Judiciary
The Constitution provides that all proceedings in the Supreme Court of India shall be in English.
MAJOR INDIAN RELIGIONS
India is the land of religions. India being a secular country does not recognise any religion as state religion. The Constitution allows freedom of faith, worship and religion. India is the birth place of four of the worlds major religious traditions, namely Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism. The other religions in India are Christianity. Islam, Zoroastrianism, Judaism and the Bahai faith.
Though Buddhism originated in India, Now there is less than 1% of the India’s population 85 percent of all the Buddhists in India are concentrated in Maharashtra, Arunachal Pradesh and the higher Himalayan habitats of north western India too have some Buddhist population. After originating in India, Buddhism spread throughout the central Asia, Sri...