AP World History
Chapter 6: India and Southeast Asia, 1500 B.C.E.-600 C.E.
*Around 1000 B.C.E the people were divided into kinship groups while the kings ruled over the tribes. Later under the Kings were military and civil officials, which dealt with records, income of the government and custom duties. During the Gupta empire there was a rather decentralized administration unlike the Mauryan Empire. *Brahmans and warriors were at the highest point in the Hierarchy and there were structural laws based on the caste system. * Rulers in Southeast Asia used their Indian knowledge and personnel to increase their power.
*Heavy taxes were imposed on common people during the Gupta Empire. India traded extensively with South East and East Asia. *One’s economic status in India could be compared to that of a capitalist society. This is because of the belief in reincarnation, and that whoever you were in your last life determined who you were in your next life. These reincarnations were placed into a caste and whichever caste you were placed in depicted your social and economic status. Who you were and what you did depicted your well being. * The Funan (SE Asia) society was able to take control over the trade route between India and China by extending control over most of Indochina and the Malay Peninsula.
*There was a spread and development of belief systems such as Vedism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism.
*There were many religious texts such as:
Mahabharata- The vast epic of the events leading up to a battle between kinship groups in early India. Bhagavad-Gita: A dialogue between the great warrior Arjuna and the god Krishna about the fate of the spirit. Vedas: Religious texts communicated orally by Brahmin priests that were eventually written down and are the main source of about the Vedic period. *Buddha played a major role in the spread of Buddhism, as he was the founder.
*Class and Caste:...