India

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Hinduism
Origins in the religious beliefs of the Aryan peoples. (settled in 1500 B.C.) Religion was passed down orally
Eventually written down
Early Hindus believed in the single force in the universe, a form of ultimate reality or god Duty of individual to seek it’s own ultimate reality
By doing this you would merge with Brahman after death
Reincarnation was believed (soul is born in a different way after death) Bhagvad Gita ”Worn-out garments are shed by the body/Worn-out bodies are shed by the dweller” All living beings seek to achieve brahman

Can be achieved after a number of existences in the earthly world Karma: Force generated by a person’s actions that determine how the person will be reborn in the next life A person’s current status isn’t an accident but a result of what they have done in the past Dharma: Divine law

Yoga was used to achieve oneness with god
“When all the senses are stilled, when the mind is at rest, that, say the wise, is the highest state. ” Hinduism came from a lot of human like gods and goddesses
Hundreds of dieties:
Three chief ones: Brahma the creator, Vishnu the preserver, siva the destroyer. At temple they seek not only salvation but also for gaining the ordinary things they need in life. Religion of the vast majority of Indian people.

Buddhism

Origin
Began is northeastern India
2,500 years old
About suffering and the need to get rid of it

Founder of Buddhism
Siddhartha Gautama
Was called Buddha
Lived in the 4th or 5th century B.C. in India
Path of enlightenment
Also known as “the awakened one”

Siddhartha Gautama
Born around 520 B.C.
Born into a royal family
Lived with in palace walls away from the sufferings of life

Symbols of Buddhism
The wheel of life
The lotus flower
Buddha

Sacred Text of Buddhists
Tripitaka
Also called Pali Canon
Three sections of Tripitaka
Vinaya Pitaka
Sutta Pitaka
Abhidhamma Pitaka

Beliefs
The Three Jewels
Belief in Buddha
Dharma
The Sangha
Buddha’s Teachings
Three signs of beings
Four noble truths
Noble eightfold path

Becoming A Holy Man
monk was seen as a sign
Become a homeless holy man
Escaping death, old age and pain

The Three Signs of Beings
Dukkha
Nothing is perfect
Anicca
Everything in life is changing
Anatta
There is no soul
Karma

The Four Noble Truths
Dukkha
Suffering exists
Samudaya
There is a cause for suffering
Nirodha
There is an end to suffering
Magga
To end suffering you must follow the eightfold path

The Noble Eight-fold Path
Right view
Right thought
Right speech
Right action
Right livelihood
Right effort
Right mindfulness
Right concentration

The 5 Percents
Don’t kill
Don’t steal
Don’t overindulge
Don’t lie
Don’t drink alcohol or do drugs

Geography & Buildings

Interesting Facts
India has the 2nd largest population on earth
It represents 15% of the world's population
Geographic size is 1.2 million square miles

3 Geographic Regions

The Himalayan region in the north
The Gangetic Plain
The plateau region in the south and central areas
India's Geography
India is a country in South Asia
Includes mountain ranges, river valleys, dry interior plateau, and fertile coastal plains Himalaya is the highest mountains in the world
Ganges River one of the chief regions of Indian culture
South of India lies the plateau Deccan
Indians eastern and western coasts are lush plains

India's Climate
Northern India in the Himalayas, has seasonal temperatures with cool winters Most of southern India, is hot and dry (120°)
Monsoons during June – September have storms with severe rain India From North To South

India is a peninsula: the Arabian Sea on the west, the Bay of Bengal on the east, and the Indian Ocean to the south South of the Himalayas is the Indo-Gangetic Plain
On the north-western end of India is the Thar desert
Thar Desert

Below the Himalayas is Rajasthan, known for its Thar...
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