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India

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India
Matt Tribble
The University of South Dakota

Abstract
India is a low-to middle-income country that suffers from nutritional deficits and malnourishment throughout their country. The key issues that burden women’s health includes Anemia, which is low levels of hemoglobin in the blood, violence due to a male dominated society, and the maternal mortality rate. Tuberculosis is a continuous concern relevant to all genders and ages in India. India has taken excessive measures in producing the DOTS program in order to effectively control this burden of disease. The health of the children is an ongoing battle that is being countered through the education of mothers gaining knowledge in areas such as proper nutrition, breastfeeding, and environmentally hygienic areas for children in order to successful decrease the child mortality rate in India.

Key words: India, nutrition, child mortality rate, maternal mortality rate, anemia, DOTS, infant mortality rate, neonatal mortality rate, MDGs

Introduction
India is a developing low-to middle-income country that is located in Southeast Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea, between the countries of Burma and Pakistan. India has the second highest population in the world, behind China, totaling a colossal 1.2 billion people. This nation is a low-to middle-income country because they currently, on average, have $3,700 Gross Domestic Product per capita. Nations that are considered low-to middle-income countries typically have a GDP per capita in between $1,026 to $4035. The health status of India is displayed by the life expectancy of individuals, infant mortality rates, and the leading cause of death. The life expectancy of males is approximately 66 years of age, comparable to that of Indian females at an average of 68.33 years. The infant mortality rate in India is a substantial 46.07 deaths per 1000 live births, and is the highest mortality rate in all regions of Southeast Asia. The leading cause of...