India's Macroeconomics Indicators

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Exhibit 3.1

20000211DL-ZXL350_8(ECO-PERF)

OUTPUT GROWTH IN SELECTED COUNTRIES
Country GDP per capita growth (CAGR) GDP per capita at starting point (% of US)

China (1990-97)

10.0

5

Korea (1970-85)

8.2

6

Thailand (1985-95)

7.8

10

Indonesia (1988-97)

5.9

6

India (1993-99)

4.2

4

Source:

World Development Indicators; The Economist (2000)

Exhibit 3.2

20000211DL-ZXL350_8(ECO-PERF)

Indexed to US in 1996 = 100, 1990-99

BREAK-UP OF INDIAN GDP PER CAPITA
Labour productivity

100 36 29

GDP per capita

22

8

100 49 25 23

US Korea Poland Brazil India 1996 1996 1998 1996 1999 Employment per capita

6
100

139 103 86 81

US Korea Poland Brazil India 1996 1996 1998 1996 1999

US Korea Poland Brazil India 1996 1996 1998 1996 1999
Source: CMIE (Monthly Review of the Indian Economy, November 1999); Manpower (Profile India Yearbook 1999); The Source: CMIE (monthly revenue of the Indian Economy, November 1999); manpower (profile India Yearbook 1989); The Economist, 1996 Economist (1996); MGI

Exhibit 3.3

20000211DL-ZXL350_8(ECO-PERF)

WORLD DISTRIBUTION OF PER CAPITA GDP BY COUNTRY
US$, PPP adjusted
35,000 30,000

GDP per capita (1998)

25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0 0
India China US

1,000

2,000

3,000

4,000

5,000

6,000

Population (Millions)
Source: Economic Intelligence Unit; OECD; MGI

Exhibit 3.4

20000211DL-ZXL350_8(ECO-PERF)

ERA ANALYSIS OF INDIA’S ECONOMIC GROWTH, 1970-99
Per cent

GDP per capita growth
4.2

2.6 1.6

1970-80 Phase 1

1986-92 Phase 2

1993-97 Phase 3

Source: MGI; Team analysis

Exhibit 3.5

20000211DL-ZXL350_8(ECO-PERF)

GDP AT FACTOR COST BY SECTOR, 1980-96
Per cent
100%* = Rs billion Other services 1,224 1,565 2,212 8358** 9643** 10818**

19.3

20.2

21.3

23

23

24.8

Trade*** Construction Electricity, gas and water Manufacturing (including mining and quarrying)

16.7 5.0 1.7 19.2

17.6 4.6 2.0 21.0

17.8 4.6 2.3 23.1

19.8 5.1 2.5 19.2

20.9 4.8 2.4 20.3

21.4 5.0 2.5 19.5

Agriculture

38.1

34.6

30.9

30.4

28.6

26.8

1980

1985

1990

1994

1996

1998

* At factor cost at constant prices ** GDP figures for 1994, ’96, and ‘98 are as per new series started from 1993 *** Includes trade, hotels and restaurants, transport, storage, and communication Source: CMIE (National Income Statistics, November 1998)

Exhibit 3.6

20000211DL-ZXL350_8(ECO-PERF)

INDIAN GDP PER CAPITA GROWTH
CAGR (1993-99)
Labor productivity

4.9

GDP per capita

4.2

Employment per capita

Despite creating 20 million new jobs

-0.7

Source:

CMIE (Monthly Review of the Indian Economy, November 1999); NSS Report No. 455, Employment and

Source: CMIE (monthly revenue of the Indian Economy, November 1999); manpower (profile2001; McKinsey Analysis Unemployment in India, 1999-2000 – Key Results; Census of India India Yearbook 1989); The Economist, 1996

Exhibit 3.7

20000211DL-ZXL350_8(ECO-PERF)

PRODUCTIVITY AND GDP PER CAPITA ACROSS COUNTRIES
Indexed to the US = 100 in 1996
110 100 90 80

US (1990-1999) Germany (1996) Japan (2000) UK (1998) Korea (1997) France (1996)

GDP/capita

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 10

Poland (1999)

Brazil (1997)

Russia (1999) India (2000)
20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110

Labour productivity
Source: Economic Intelligence Unit; OECD; MGI

Exhibit 3.8

20000211DL-ZXL350_8(ECO-PERF)

EMPLOYMENT BREAK-UP BY SECTOR, 1983-98
Per cent, million
100% = Other services Trade* Construction Electricity, gas, and water Manufacturing (including mining and quarrying) 2

303
9 9 0.3 11

322
10 10 4 12 0.4

379
11 10 4 11 0.4 4

404
9 13 0.3 11

Agriculture

68

64

64

62

1983

1987

1994

1998

* Includes trade, hotels and restaurants, transport, storage, and communication Source: Manpower (Profile of India); NSSO quinquennial...
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