Independence Day

Only available on StudyMode
  • Topic: Flag of India, August 15
  • Pages : 7 (1779 words )
  • Download(s) : 8323
  • Published : August 14, 2011
Open Document
Text Preview
-------------------------------------------------
Independence Day (India)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Fifteenth of August" redirects here. For other uses, see August 15. Independence Day|

The national flag of India, on the Red fort in New Delhi; a common sight on public and private buildings on national holidays like the 15th of August.| Also called| The Fifteenth of August
स्वतंत्रता दिवस (Hindi)
१५ (पन्द्रह) अगस्त(Hindi)|
Observed by| India|
Type| National|
Significance| The day India became independent from British rule.| Date| August 15|
Celebrations| Flag hoisting, Parades, Singing patriotic songs, Speech by thePrime Minister, Family reunions,Picnics, Kite flying| Independence Day of India is celebrated on Fifteenth of August (8/15/47) to commemorate its independence from British rule and its birth as a sovereignnation in 1947.[1] The day is a national holiday in India. All over the country, flag-hoisting ceremonies are conducted by the local administration inattendance. The main event takes place in New Delhi, the capital city of India, where the Prime Minister hoists the national flag at the Red Fort and deliversa nationally televised speech from its ramparts. In his speech, he highlights the achievements of his government during the past year, raises important issues and gives a call for further development. The Prime Minister also pays his tribute to leaders of the freedom struggle. The Prime Minister also declares holiday on 15 August. Contents [hide] * 1 Background * 2 Celebrations * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links| -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Background
In 1946, the Labour government in Britain, its exchequer exhausted by the recently concluded World War II, and conscious that it had neither the mandate at home, the international support, nor the reliability of native forces for continuing to control an increasingly restless India,[2][3] decided to end British rule of India, and in early 1947 Britain announced its intention of transferring power no later than June 1948. As independence approached, the violence between Hindus and Muslims in the provinces of Punjab and Bengal continued unabated. With the British army unprepared for the potential for increased violence, the new viceroy, Louis Mountbatten, advanced the date for the transfer of power, allowing less than seven months for a mutually agreed plan for independence. In June 1947, the nationalist leaders, including Pandit Nehru, Abul Kalam Azad, Mohammed Ali Jinnah, B. R. Ambedkar and Master Tara Singh agreed to a partition of the country along religious lines. The predominantly Hindu and Sikh areas were assigned to the new India and predominantly Muslim areas to the new nation of Pakistan; the plan included a partition of the provinces of Punjab and Bengal. Many millions of Muslim, Sikh, and Hindu refugees trekked across the newly drawn borders. In Punjab, where the new border lines divided the Sikh regions in half, massive bloodshed followed; in Bengal and Bihar, where Gandhi's presence assuaged communal tempers, the violence was more limited. In all, anywhere between 250,000 and 500,000 people on both sides of the new borders died in the violence.[4] On 14 August 1947, the new Dominion of Pakistan came into being, with Muhammad Ali Jinnahsworn in as its first Governor General in Karachi. At the stroke of midnight, as India moved into August 15, 1947, Jawaharlal Nehru, read out the famous Tryst with destiny speech proclaiming India's independence.India, now a smaller Union of India, became an independent country with official ceremonies taking place in New Delhi, and with Jawaharlal Nehru assuming the office of the first prime minister, and the viceroy, Louis Mountbatten, staying on as its first Governor General. -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Celebrations
| This section requires expansion.|

The Indian flag at Delhi Gate...
tracking img