Income Distribution in Australia

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What is income?

Income is the amount that is received in a given period of time. It is a flow of funds.

How is income distributed in Australia?

According to the ABS - in 1999-2000, the richest 20% of income units received 48.5% per cent of total income. The poorest 20% of income units received less than 4% of total income. Note: Income units are made up of one person or a group of related persons within a household, whose incomes are assumed to be shared.

What are the main sources of Income in Australia?

The main sources of income are: -
Wages and salaries – 56%
Business profits – 21%
Property income – 9%
Social security – 10%

What is Wealth?

Wealth is the value of the things a person owns at a point in time. It is a stock of assets. Wealth distribution shows greater inequality. In 1998 the richest 20% of income units owned 65% of the total wealth. The poorest 20% had negative wealth – They were in debt.

What are the main sources of Wealth in Australia?

The main sources of wealth are:-
Land, houses, units – 57%.
Business assets – factories, capital, shares – 28%
Consumer durables - cars, furniture, etc. – 6%.
Government Securities – 3%.
Investments overseas - 4%.
Cash deposits – 1%

Is there a relationship between income and wealth?

High levels of income allow a person to increase their level of wealth, eg savings, buying property. Income is also earned from wealth, eg interest on deposits, dividends from shares, rent from property. Wealth produces income and income can be used to accumulate wealth.
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