In Vitro Fertilization

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Current Status of IVF

Many individuals are looking to alternatives in child bearing, In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) being one of the most popular. IVF in the United States is a costly procedure. It can cost up to $12,000 for one attempt and that is not adding the cost of additional attempts should the first one fail. There are individuals who are in debt for $60,000 in attempting to get pregnant through IVF. Fertility treatments are now a hot commodity, especially in the global marketplace. Many women are looking to oversea options in having IVF done. One major factor in women going overseas is the price tag. IVF overseas is about ¼ of the price it is in the US.

Price Tag of One Cycle of IVF (*Estimated prices, not including donor eggs or fertility drugs, based on costs from top clinics and converted to US dollars.)

Brief History of In Vitro Fertilization

In Vitro Fertilization is a fertility procedure in which medical physicians remove eggs from the ovaries of a female, fertilize them in a laboratory, and then replace the embryos back into the female's uterus where they implant and mature. In Vitro literally mean "in glass" meaning the Petri dishes that the eggs are placed into for fertilization. This procedure first came into place in England about 25 years ago by the late Dr. Patrick Steptoe and Dr. Robert Edwards. The first successfully delivered baby through IVF is Louise Brown on July 25, 1978. She is considered the world's first "test tube baby." IVF was introduced, as a means to assist couples who were not successful in becoming pregnant. It has proven to be a successful means of having child for those couples who had ovulation disorders, unexplained fertility, endometriosis, and male factor problems. The IVF procedure is responsible for the birth of more than 500,000 healthy children around the world. While it may seem that IVF is the answer there are risks involved in this miracle procedure. It can be a psychologically stressful time for the parents to be especially if they are unsuccessful. This procedure is also not guaranteed to end in a successful pregnancy. There are instances in which there is a risk of abnormal pregnancy, miscarriage, or premature delivery. Couples who decided to partake in this procedure are counseled in making sure that they understand the risks involved and the outcomes if one does become pregnant. Throughout this paper we will discuss the pros and cons of IVF and the advancements of IVF since it was first introduced 25 years ago.

Argument 1- Why in vitro fertilization is beneficial.

Infertility is widespread: about 7% of married couples in the United States are unable to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse (Purdy, 2001, Bioethics of New Assisted Reproduction). In Vitro Fertilization is used when a women has irreparably damaged fallopian tubes. Using this, attempts to fertilize the egg outside her body. In vitro fertilization can help women with hopelessly blocked fallopian tubes to become pregnant (Purdy, 2001, Bioethics of New Assisted Reproduction). In addition, in vitro fertilization could lower the costs associated with the use of advanced assisted reproductive technology (Teays&Purdy, 2001, Bioethics,Justice,&Health Care,p.648).Currently, the number of in vitro fertilization procedures that can be performed by 100 heath-care workers is about 1,000 per year. Any implication of medical and laboratory procedures that could improve results would decrease the number of healthcare workers needed and ultimately lower the cost per procedure (Teays&Purdy, 2001, Bioethics,Justice,&Health Care,p648). Argument 2- why is in vitro fertilization beneficial.

IVF has many benefits for couples who have tried to conceive a child of their own and have little or no success. IVF takes nature into the laboratory and gives a helping hand with the fertilization of the egg. Many times this is attempted because of...
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