The war that this genocide was a part of started in 1992 when the US and the European community recognized Bosnia as an independent country. The president of Yugoslavia at the time, Slobodan Milosevic, a Serb, became infuriated and began attacking the Bosnian capital, Sarajevo. He claimed that the Muslim majority was being unfair to the Serbs, who made up 32 percent of the population. He sent in snipers who shot helpless civilians in the streets of Sarajevo throughout the war.
The Ethnic Albanians were vastly outgunned during the war. The Serbians had more men, more money, and superior weapons. The UN refused to help fight the Serbs, instead UN peace keepers were instructed only to make sure all the Ethnic Albanian supply lines remained open.
Throughout the war, the UN refused to step into the war in a military fashion, even as reports of Serbian concentration camps became undeniable. Slobodan Milosevic knew that the UN would not enter the war so he continued killing Ethnic Albanians without fear of the consequences. By the time the war ended in 1995, over 200,000 Muslims had been killed and 2,000,000 had become refugees due to Milosevic's policy of "ethnic cleansing".
During the war, the UN formed the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. Located in The Hague, the Netherlands its purpose was, and still is, "to prosecute persons responsible for serious violations of international...