In allegorical novel called “Animal Farm” by George Orwell

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In allegorical novel called “Animal Farm” by George Orwell, an interesting idea that was worth learning about is how power can corrupt an individual. Animal Farm tells us about the Rebellion of animals against humans. The Rebellion is a great success and pigs, being the most intelligent animals, take control. However, as time goes on, life of other animals becomes worse and worse while pigs prosper. Orwell based this book of Russian communism and used Stalin as prototype for Napoleon. He also tries to demonstrate that once a person has complete power, that individual will become corrupt and will do anything in order to maintain it. Orwell wanted this novel to be a warning for future societies as in the novel, Napoleon slaughters the ones who openly oppose him and uses different methods of psychological manipulation and physical threat in order to maintain his leadership. Napoleon attempts to maintain his power by threatening animals physically, even slaughtering them. For instance, Napoleon slaughtered four pigs that had opposed him when he abolished the Sunday Meetings. Napoleon killed them using his dogs because they were questioning and criticizing his decisions and leadership. If that continued, other animals would start to analyse the situation and come to the conclusion that Napoleon was in fact a poor and corrupted leader. Napoleon could not let this happen, so he murdered the pigs because “they confessed that they had been secretly in touch with Snowball ever since the expulsion, that they had collaborated with him in destroying the windmill, and that they had entered into an agreement with him to hand over Animal Farm to Mr Frederick”. Of course, Napoleon also murdered the three hens (that had been the ringleaders in the attempted rebellion over the eggs) after they stated that “Snowball had appeared to them in a dream and incited them to disobey Napoleon’s orders”. However, it is obvious that Napoleon simply decided to get rid of all opposition. Mass murder was not the only physical threat used by Napoleon. At one point in the novel, hens did not wish to give up their eggs to Napoleon, so he cut off their food supply. Napoleon starved the hens because they opposed him, just like the pigs. Orwell tries to show us that once a dictator gains power, he will not accept any criticism or opposition and will simply murder whoever questions his leadership. For example, a Chilean dictator called Augusto Pinochet murdered over forty thousand people during the first month after getting power simply because they questioned his actions. But, Napoleon could not always go to extreme measures such as executing the opposition so he employed Squealor to persuade animals on issues through rhetoric. For example, Squealer, Napoleon’s right hand, made up a statistic that animals “had more oats, more hay, more turnips than they had had in Jones's day, that they worked shorter hours, that their drinking water was of better quality, that they lived longer, that a larger proportion of their young ones survived infancy, and that they had more straw in their stalls and suffered less from fleas”. In combination with complete isolation from other farms, other animals could not prove Squealer wrong so they believed that they actually had a much better life than other farms. But, in reality, animals had the lowest food rations compared to other farms. Napoleon also encourages other animals to use Boxer’s slogans such as “Napoleon is always right” and “I will work harder”. Boxer is very loyal to Napoleon due to his fairly low intelligence but he is respected by other animals because of his strength and stubbornness. Because of that, Napoleon knows that animals will listen to Boxer and try to work as hard as Boxer. In this case, Orwell tries to show that dictators carefully control the flow of information and simply block anything that could potentially harm them. For example, the Chinese government simply blocks web-sites such as YouTube...
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