Improving Access to Justice Through Alternative Dispute Resolution: the Role of Community Legal Centres in Victoria, Australia

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Rights and Justice Program School of Law La Trobe University

Improving Access to Justice through Alternative Dispute Resolution: The Role of Community Legal Centres in Victoria, Australia Research Report
Dr Lola Akin Ojelabi

Funded by Faculty of Law and Management, La Trobe University, Australia September 2010.

Contents
1. 2. 3. 3.1. 3.2. 4. 4.1. 4.2. 4.3. 4.4. 4.5. 4.6. Executive Summary ............................................................................................................... 3 Introduction ............................................................................................................................. 6 Research Aims and Methodology ..................................................................................... 8 Project aim and objectives: ............................................................................................ 8 Methodology ........................................................................................................................ 8 Conceptual, Historical and Practice Background ................................................... 10 Access to Justice .............................................................................................................. 10 Alternative (Appropriate) Dispute Resolution ................................................... 13 History of ADR in Australia ......................................................................................... 14 Access to Justice and Alternative Dispute Resolution ...................................... 14 Community Legal Centres ........................................................................................... 24 Access to Justice and Community Legal Centres ................................................ 25

4.7. Community Legal Centres and Alternative (Appropriate) Dispute Resolution .............................................................................................................................................................. 27 5. Alternative Dispute Resolution, Community Legal Centres and Access to Justice. ............................................................................................................................................... 31 5.1. 5.2. 5.3. 5.3.1. 5.3.2. 5.3.3.

CLCs and the definition of ADR ................................................................................. 31 CLCs’ awareness of ADR services and processes. .............................................. 34 CLCs’ view on relevance of ADR to their work and to access to justice .... 36 Relevance of ADR to work of CLCs ................................................................................... 36 CLCs view on ADR and Access to Justice .......................................................................... 37 Public Interest litigation and ADR - Test cases on Social Justice Issues ............................ 39

5.4. Alternative Dispute Resolution, CLC Lawyers and CLC Clients’ best interest. ............................................................................................................................................. 40 5.4.1 5.4.2. 5.4.3. Clients’ Background and use of ADR ................................................................................. 40 Types of Legal Issues and ADR .......................................................................................... 41 Role of CLC Lawyers and ADR ......................................................................................... 44

5.5.
5.5.1. 5.5.2. 5.5.3. 5.5.4. 5.6.1. 5.6.2.

Collaboration between CLCs and ADR services .................................................. 49 Provision of ADR by CLCs ................................................................................................. 49 CLCs’ relationship with ADR Service providers ................................................................ 50 Integrated Services /Collocation with ADR...
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