According to Principal Statistics of Labour Force (2012), the unemployed rate remained at 3.1% in December 2011 in which the number of unemployed are approximately 400,000 people. In the globalisation era, especially in the global market, graduates are evaluated by a combination of skills and knowledge. The trend of globalisation has leaded the graduates to different demand in employee skills especially soft skills. Graduates who full fill the skills and knowledge that required by employers will benefit from integration into global economy while graduates who lack of knowledge and skills are destined to fall further behind. Graduates must be able to apply both skills and knowledge in the workplace environment because both skills and knowledge will change from time to time.
Skills that employers think that it would be a plus point in graduates are interpersonal skills, technology skills, communication skills, critical thinking and problem solving skills, and leadership skills. Interpersonal skills are skills that graduates need for continued existence at a working environment that enhance employability. While technology skills are important to graduates because they lead to change in operations and work applications. Communications skills are required for graduates to deal with the information exchange in workplace settings. Nevertheless critical thinking and problem solving skills will help graduates to face the working environment in a more positive way and leadership skill will guide them to more responsible working ethics.
Changes should be made in the part of future graduates, government bodies and educational institution to be more prepared for the employers’ expectation so that more graduates will be employed. These changes will help future graduates to be more prepared for the changes in the working environment and expectation of an organisation.
2.1 Soft Skills
Soft skills is quality for certain forms of employment that do not depend on knowledge, they include the ability to deal with people, common sense, and a positive flexible attitude (The Collins English Dictionary, 2009).
According to The Collins English Dictionary (2009), skills mean something related to technique that required special proficiency and training. It’s something related to ability which coming from ones’ attitude, practice and knowledge that can be used in ones’ performance. 3.0 Literature Review
The increase of world economic are interconnected through investment, ideas and people, and rises a new form of cooperation and competition as organisation are trying to survive through performance and global efficiency (Lang, 2001). In the era of globalisation, performances are being evaluated by a combination of skills and knowledge. According to Stock and Hansen (2004), various types of skills, knowledge, and proficiencies should be a part of the challenging workforce environment which deals with globalisation market. The development and infrastructure of a country has been boosted by human resource which is the impact of globalisation. Moreover, globalisation has created numerous opportunities at different levels including organisations and employee across different cultures and countries which sharing technology, knowledge, behavioural norms and promoting development (Cheng, 2004). This trend has lead to different types demand in employee skills to meet this globalisation. Hard skills and soft skills are skills that are demanded by the organisation. According to researchers, employers emphasize in the importance of soft skills rather than focusing mainly on intellectual skills (Nabi, 2003). In this matter, graduates must challenge themselves to change for the current working environment. Furthermore, graduates with specific skills do not attract the employer to hire them but graduates with soft skills capture the...