Important Accomplishments During the Presidencies of Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe

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Thomas Jefferson was a member of the Democratic-Republican party and took office on March 4, 1801 as the third President of the United States. While holding the title of President from 1801 to 1809, Jefferson made many major accomplishments. For example, he reduced internal taxes and plans were made to extinguish the public debt. Also, Jefferson allowed the Alien and Sedition Acts to end without renewal and had the excise tax on liquor that caused the Whiskey Rebellion repealed. This reduced government revenue leading Jefferson to cut costs by reducing the military, relying instead on state militias. During his first term, America engaged in war with the Barbary States. The U.S. had been paying tribute to pirates from this area to stop attacks and the seizing of American ships. When the pirates asked for more money, Jefferson refused leading Tripoli to declare war. This ended in success for the U.S. who was no longer required to pay tribute to Tripoli. One of his most significant accomplishments as president was when, in 1803, Jefferson purchased the Louisiana territory from France for $15 million. Ironically, Jefferson had to go against his strict views of the Constitution in order to purchase the territory, since there was no amendment stating that a president could buy land. After buying the territory, Jefferson began the Lewis and Clark Expedition to explore the Louisiana territory and it was a success. Thomas Jefferson also signed the Embargo Act in 1807 in response to the incident when the British boarded the U.S.S. Chesapeake and impressed soldiers to work on their vessel and even killed one. This act stopped America from exporting and importing foreign goods. Jefferson thought this would have the effect of hurting the trade in France and Great Britain. However, it had the opposite effect, hurting American trade. Lastly, on January 1, 1808, Jefferson ended the foreign slave trade and established the precedent of Executive Privilege (The right of the...
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