Importance of Organ Donation

Topics: Organ transplant, Organ donation, Legal death Pages: 8 (2699 words) Published: December 3, 2012
Understanding Transplantation
A Brief History
In 1954, a kidney was the first human organ to be transplanted successfully. Liver, heart, and pancreas transplants were successfully performed by the late 1960s, while lung and intestinal organ transplant procedures began in the 1980s.Until the early 1980s, the potential for organ rejection limited the number of transplants performed. Medical advances in the prevention and treatment of rejection led to more successful transplants and an increase in demand. More than 500,000 people have received transplants in the U.S. More than 28,000 Americans receive the gift of life each year. The Need Is Real: Data

Each day, an average of 79 people receive organ transplants. However, an average of 18 people die each day waiting for transplants that can't take place because of the shortage of donated organs. Organ transplantation has become an accepted medical treatment for end-stage organ failure. The facts prove it. But only you can help make it happen. Statistics can sometimes be overwhelming and difficult to understand. One thing to remember is that every number in the statistic you view is a person, a person who either needs your help and is waiting for a lifesaving transplant or a person who has left a lasting legacy through organ and tissue donation. Either way each number represents a life, a mom, a dad, a brother, a sister or a child, someone who is important to someone else, maybe even you. Statistics change. Some change day to day and some can even change minute to minute. So you may see different numbers each time you return to or some of the other sites linked from here. You may ask why this happens. There are several reasons. One of the most confusing statistics is the number of persons waiting for a transplant. Patients are allowed to register at multiple transplant centers so you may see a higher number if you count "registrations" rather than "candidates." Additionally, one of the great things that may happen is that donations and transplantations may be taking place at any time, so while the waiting list might continue to grow the number of donors may also rise. The reality is that the number of candidates waiting continues to dwarf the number of donor organs available, and only you can change this. Organ Donation Facts

After having a look at the organ donation statistics, you must be interested to know a bit about the legal and procedural facts about organ donation. It has been found there are 80% Americans, who support organ donation. However, only 30% of these Americans actually know how to donate become a donor. The facts about organ donation are discussed in the following paragraph.

All people are potential organ donors irrespective of their age. Only they must let their family know that they wish to become a donor and sign an organ donor card as well as register with their states, regions or countries 'Organ and Tissue Donor Registry'. After death, every patient and every organ are assessed individually. If it is found that the organ is healthy and functioning normally, then donation is certainly possible. The Donor Network has obtained organs from young donors as well as from adults in their 90s. Thus, the patient's medical history is more significant than the age. If active cancer, active HIV or active infection is present, then donation is canceled. In case of Hepatitis, some detailed data is essential at the time of death. Those having Hepatitis B or C may donate organs to patients afflicted with the same.

Organs have to be removed as quickly as possible after brain death is confirmed in an operating room under sterile conditions, while circulation is being maintained artificially. All the expenditure regarding donation is bore by the Organ Procurement Organization and none by the donor's family. Such a donation does not mar the body or cause any postponement of funeral procedures. The identity of the donor or the donor's family is not...
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