With the never ending problem of juvenile delinquency on the rise in United States, a solution to this problem has never been more important. Many of today’s youth actively and proudly engage in criminal activities, with much of it being spurred on by gang activity. The lack of structure within the lives of adolescents and lack of discipline has created a generation of unlawful, disrespectful delinquents that are difficult to successfully integrate into society. This column reviews three article that take an in depth look at what can cause this scenery to play out for youth and what some of the solutions may be to the problem. The first article examines the connection that has recently been discovered between level of functioning and the recidivism risk for offenders based on that. The second article takes a look into gang life and how the use of drugs within gangs plays a vital role in the ability of youth to successfully integrate into society. The third article reviews the developmental aspect of juvenile delinquency and how serious juvenile offenders are often overlooked in many studies dealing with mental health social disorders.
Level of Functioning and Recidivism
Shepherd, J. B., Green, K. R., Omobien, E. O., (2009). Level of functioning and recidivism risk among adolescent offenders. Adolescence. 40, 23-32.
In this article the author’s main focus is that there should be more attention paid to the level of functioning in adolescent offenders. The idea that delinquent’s affective intervention can take place without properly taking into account these children’s problematic domain is irresponsible. If the proper diagnosis is given to these youth then the appropriate treatment can better be administered which would reduce recidivism and better helps these delinquents. In this study the Level of Functioning (LOF) was measured by The Child and Adolescent Functional Assessment Scales (CAFAS) which fairs... [continues]
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