Importance of Gender and Equity in Public Health

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Gender is a social construct-that is,a society ‘s assumptions about the way a man or women should look and behave.Traditional gender roles encompass the activities ,responsibilities,and decision making power that a society has historically assigned to man and woman within public and private spaces.The specifics may differ across societies ,but no society assigns equal power or status to men and women. Equity is generally regarded as a state of fairness and justness.It requires that specific needs of particular groups are considered separately and acted upon accordingly. Concept of gender equity recognize that men and women have different needs and power structures and that these differences should be identified and addressed in a manner that rectifies imbalance,so that equitable outcomes are produced. VARIOUS GENDER EQUITY ISSUES IN OUR SOCIETY: - Even today, traditional attitude towards gender remain surprisingly strong and prevalent.Boys and young man continue to be socialized to be tough and strong,to appear in control and to take risks.This creates dangerous behaviours such as fast driving and cigarette smoking.Men often speak about their bodies as if they were machines and think about illness in terms of failure of a particular body part. Traditinal gender roles are a driving force behind women s lower economic status,low literacy and education,poorer health outcomes,and greater exposure to gender based violence.A girl may be forced to leave school because her family does not believe that women need to be educated. Resulting in the condition that men are at high risk of dying prematurely from occupational accidents or diseases but also at special risk through homicide,traffic accidents and dangerous sports.National and international data show that men experience higher mortality and...
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