Importance of Fruits

Food choice, School meal, Confounding

Determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption among children and adolescents: a review of the literature. Part I: quantitative studies Mette Rasmussen,1 Rikke Krølner,1 Knut-Inge Klepp,2 Leslie Lytle,3 Johannes Brug,4 Elling Bere,2 and Pernille Due1 Author information ► Article notes ► Copyright and License information ► This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

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In order to more effectively promote fruit and vegetable intake among children and adolescents, insight into determinants of intake is necessary. We conducted a review of the literature for potential determinants of fruit and vegetable intake in children and adolescents. Methods

Papers were identified from Medline and PsycINFO by using all combinations of the search terms: "fruit(s) or vegetable(s)" and "children or adolescents". Quantitative research examining determinants of fruit and/or vegetable intake among children and adolescents aged 6–18 years were included. The selection and review process was conducted according to a four-step protocol resulting in information on country, population, design, methodology, theoretical basis, instrument used for measuring intake, statistical analysis, included independent variables, and effect sizes. Results

Ninety-eight papers were included. A large number of potential determinants have been studied among children and adolescents. However, for many presumed determinants convincing evidence is lacking, mostly because of paucity of studies. The determinants best supported by evidence are: age, gender, socio-economic position, preferences, parental intake, and home availability/accessibility. Girls and younger children tend to have a higher or more frequent intake than boys and older children. Socio-economic position, preferences, parental intake, and home availability/accessibility are all consistently positively associated with intake. Conclusion

The determinants...
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