Modern day India has in some aspects advanced very far from where it was at the break of the century when it was still under British rule, however in other aspects it still holds many similarities to this day that it did back then. One of the most important of these similarities is that India is still a developing nation. Ever since India was given its independence in 1947, under India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, “the country tried various methods of development, at theoretical and practical levels.” India is still trying to become a developed nation and the key to India’s development lies in its agricultural economy. As seen in India’s past history with the success of the green revolution in India, and given India’s land size, population and poverty the road to development in India lies in agriculture.
India’s attempts of becoming a developed nation started while it was still under British rule. Jawaharlal Nehru hoped that “all our major problems would come to an end, once British rule ended.” Jawaharlal Nehru was at that point campaigning against the British rule in India and was jailed for his actions when he wrote the following, explaining frustrations with Britain.
Nearly all our major problems today have grown up during British rule and as a direct result of British policy: the princes; the minority problem; various vested interests, foreign and Indian; the lack of industry and the neglect of agriculture; the extreme backwardness in the social services; and, above all, the tragic poverty of the people. The attitude to educate has been significant… ‘It was [their] policy in those days to keep the natives of India in the profoundest state of barbarism and darkness, and every attempt to diffuse the light of knowledge among the people… was vehemently opposed and resented.’ Imperialism must function in this way or else it ceases to be imperialism.
These problems Nehru... [continues]
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