The simplest definition of the contract is a “legally binding agreement”. However,
we need to understand that not all agreements are contracts, only those that are legally enforceable. Terms of a contract specify the promises, obligations and penalties that both parties agree to while formulating that contract. We distinguish between two specific types of these terms: express and implied.
Express terms are those specifically agreed and mentioned by at least one of the parties, either in writing or by word of mouth, when the contract is being formulated. However,
if the problem arise and it cannot be solved upon the express terms of the contract it can be argued that this term can be implied.
Implied terms are not stated in the contract, but they are introduced by implication.
In other words the implied terms are not actually written into the contract, but parties to the contract will be expected to adhere to it. They can be implied into the contract:
• By statue (In law) (for example Sale of Goods Act 1979 applies terms into contract of sale of goods that the good should be of satisfactory quality and should fit
for the purpose),
• By custom (“there may be contractual terms which are implied on the basis that they are customary in a particular trade, profession or locality”, in an example
of Hutton v Warren (1836), it was held that customary usage permitted a farm tenant, who was about to quit his tenancy, to claim an allowance for the seed
and labor, even if that had not been a part of the contract)
• By court (In fact) (courts may imply some necessary terms to give business efficacy to the contract, terms that are necessary to make the contract workable). This approach of implied terms in fact is based on unexpressed intention of both parties and in addition the “officious bystander” test can also be applied.... [continues]
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