Topic I: Implications of Management.
Management can be defined as an act of different functions or tasks being done by people in their day to day work. These include organisational functions such as planning, organising, strategising, directing, coordinating, decision-making, controlling, to mention but a few. Boddy (2008:10) opined that “management is the activity of getting things done with the aid of people and other resources.” Furthermore, Management involves a universal human activity and a peculiar occupation where individuals ‘manage’ their own work by taking responsibility for its purpose, progress and outcome through forecasting, planning, organising, coordination, controlling, and so on. Also, Naylor (2004:6) maintained that “management is the process of achieving organisational objectives, within a changing environment, by balancing efficiency, effectiveness, and equity, obtaining the most from limited resources, and working with and through other people.” The main aspect of gaining an insight into the concept of management is by developing management thinking through theory. Applying theory in management helps to change actual behaviour. This is because the act of management is based upon assumptions, generalizations, and hypotheses, in other words – theory. Managers, therefore, using theory propounded by founding fathers of the subject align their ideas and decisions to achieve management best practices. The aim of this essay, therefore, is to evaluate the theory of scientific management as popularised by Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1917), using different perspectives from authors for the purpose of demonstrating the similarities and differences in their understanding of the concept. The conclusion of the essay will emphasise the relevance of the theory in relation to its implication for present day management.
Advocates of scientific management focused on...