Good Governance in Pakistan
‘Governance’ is the exercise of power or authority – political, economic, administrative or otherwise –to manage a country's resources and affairs. It comprises the mechanisms, processes and institutions through which citizens and groups articulate their interests, exercise their legal rights, meet their obligations and mediate their differences. ‘Good governance’ means competent management of a country’s resources and affairs in a manner that is open, transparent, accountable, equitable and responsive to people’s needs.
Characteristics of Good Governance
Rule of law
Effectiveness and efficiency
STATE OF GOVERNANCE IN PAKISTAN
Poor relations between center and federating units
Poor planning and development
Inability to provide justice
Increasing rate of Corruption
Inefficient Economic Management
Lack of control over law and order situation
National Sovereignty of Pakistan is being affected
Strong hold of feudal system
Poor state of accountability
Sectarian and ethnic conflicts
hording of essential food commodities
Unfair system of taxation
POLICIES TO BE IMPLEMENTED FOR GOOD GOVERNANCE
Balance between the institutions
Good relations between the centre and the federation units 3.
Equal distribution of resources
Reforms in Economic policies
Extra expenditures should be cut down
Accountability from the top
Establishment of anti-corruption courts
Enact legislation to improve accountability.
Independent private sector auditors
Implementation of core institutional reforms
Freedom of media
Natural Resources exploration
Efficient management of natural resources(wastage of water) 15.
Empowerment of education
Empowerment of women
Fair system of election
Fair system of recruitment
Fair system of taxation
Control over militancy by dialogue
CORRUPTION IN PAKISTAN
According to Global Infrastructure Anti Corruption Center (GIACC) : “In its wider sense, corruption includes one or more of bribery, extortion, fraud, deception, collusion, cartels, abuse of power, embezzlement, trading in influence and money laundering.” Pakistan is facing an extraordinary crisis today in almost every aspect of life. Inefficient state decisions, increasing lawlessness, inefficient justice system, crime and political power and serious erosion of legitimacy of authority. It is believed that the root cause behind all this situation is only and only corruption which has been diluted in the blood of majority of the government officials and other power shareholders. TRANSPARENCY INTERNATION REPORT 2010
The report titled the National Corruption Perception Survey 2010 showed a high rise in corruption from 195 billion rupees in the year 2009 to 223 billion rupees in the year 2010. 2.
Bureaucracy and Police had maintained their ranking as the two of the most corrupt departments in public sector in 2010. 3.
Land administration departments were placed third in corrupt practices. 4.
Corruption in the judiciary, local government and education sectors has also increased as compared to the last year. CAUSES OF CORRUPTION IN PAKISTAN
Corruption is considered as a right: It is considered as a crime, rather it is considered as a right in Pakistan. Once Federal Minister for defence production, Mr Abdul Qayum Jatoi said: " All groups---Sindhi, Pakhtun, Baloch, Saraiki and Punjabi-----should get equal share in corruption(source The dawn 26-06-10) 2.
Pathetic Political will: It is just because of weak of political will. Our law makers do not want to eradicate corruption. As once Federal Minister for...
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