18 December 2012
British Imperialism in India
British expansion into India had substantial effects on its government, social, and cultural structure. Between the late 1700s to the late 1800s, the government power shifted from Mughal control to British dominance. British effects on Indian society were a mix of positive and negative changes in education, industrialization, economy and psyche. Traditional Indian culture was also radically altered to fit the liking of the British. At first, the British rule over India was indirect. The British East India Company hired sepoys, or Indian soldiers, to monitor Britain’s interests in that region. Indian suspicion in the company led to a series of revolts, the Sepoy Mutiny, or Great Rebellion. After the British stopped the revolts, the power was given to the British government under Queen Victoria, who was now the Empress of India. British rule was now direct and India was an official colony of Britain. Viceroys, or British officials, now carried out the supervision, which was a drastic change from Mughal rule. There were both positive and negative effects of the British imperialism over India. There the positives of the British imperializing such as they helped modernize India. But they also exploited Indian labor and natural resources. They also convinced farmers to grow cotton instead of food. This led to 30 millions deaths because of famine.
The British rule in India had several benefits. It brought the industrial revolution to India. They helped modernize India. Railroads, the telegraph, and a postal service were introduced to India shortly after they appeared in Britain. They also brought a good education system. They taught English too many people. They brought new goods and weapons. The British rule also brought order and stability to a society that had been divided into many states with different political systems. It also led to a efficient government. They also...
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