The rise of industrialization and nationalism pushed European and American nations to explore the uncharted regions of Africa, East, Asia, and Southeast Asia in mid-1800s. The result was a significant change in the social, political, and economic structures not only of the colonized nations, but also those of the colonizing nations. The progressive nations bring to the people of those garden spots the foodstuffs and manufactures they need. [Progressive nations] develop the territory by building roads, canals, railways, and telegraphs. They can establish schools and newspaper for the colonies [and] give these people the benefit of other blessings of civilization, which they have not the means of creating them (Document 1). Every improvement of methods of production, every concentration of ownership and control, seems to accentuate the tendency. As one nation after another enters the machine economy and adopts advanced industrial methods, it becomes more difficult for its manufacturers, merchants, and financiers to dispose profitably of their economic resources, and they are tempted more and more to use Governments in order to secure for their particular use some distant un developed country by annexation and protection. Everywhere appear excessive powers of production, excessive capital in search of investment. It is admitted by all business men that the powers of production in their country exceeds the growth in consumption, that more goods can be produced than can be sold at a profit, and that more capital exists than can find remunerative investment (Document 5). To begin with, there are the exporters and manufacturers of certain goods used in the colonies. The makers of cotton and iron goods have been very much interested in imperialism. Banks make loans to colonies and backward countries for building railways and steamship lines. They also make loans to colonial plantation owners, importers, and exporters. Military...
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