There were many forces and themes behind the concept of New Imperialism, among the most important were Economic forces.
Many countries during this period were industrializing means of production; introducing big factories that could manufacture goods very cheaply. As part of improving efficiency and productivity of manufacturing, there was an increased demand for raw materials. This increased demand led to the search for new sources or locations of raw material. In the words of Parker T. Moon “the makers of cotton and iron goods have been very much interested in Imperialism” because of the possibilities and resources. Africa, rich in iron, zinc, and diamonds, was a natural solution to meet this demand. Manufacturers supported New Imperialism because of this.
The African people did not have the same manufactured goods that other nations had, making itself a new market place that had many economic opportunities.
“Factories are making more than the… people can use” so goods were brought to new markets. The ability to sell and advertise to the people of another nation worked very well because there wasn’t any competition in a colonized nation. The only market that existed was the market that was brought to Africa by the people who colonized it. Senator A.J. Beveridge believed that “Fate has written our policy for us; the trade of the world must and shall be ours”. Another nation could dominate the market of Africa and improve their own economy without benefit to Africa’s.
Though not as important of a cause for New Imperialism, political forces made people want to go to Africa. Nationalism created a pride for one’s nation and to show this pride was to go out and obtain colonies in the name of your nation. A nations “glory or national greatness” could only be shown through the amount of colonies in their control.
Social forces were another cause of New Imperialism, which created a sense of superiority for nations outside of Africa. For the people...
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