Imperial Administration in Han China and Imperial Rome

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Analyze similarities and differences in techniques of imperial administration in TWO of the following empires: Han China (206 B.C.E.-220 C.E.) Mauryan/Gupta India (320 B.C.E-550 C.E) Imperial Rome (31 B.CE-476 C.E.)

While imperial administration in Han China from 206 B.C.E to 220 C.E. and Imperial Rome from 31 B.C.E. to 476 C.E. had their similarities like the family roles that the government encourages, living under one ruler who gives the people some control, and the general idea of equalization, they also had their differences. One of these differences being in how each ruler gave their empire control and where they put themselves according to the rest of their empire.

Both Han China and Imperial Rome are controlled under one central leader. Both of these leaders give the citizens some form of control and contribution to their empire. The difference is how they give the citizens power. In Imperial Rome, Augustus keeps the reliable forms of the Republic such as the offices, honors, and privileges of the senatorial class as a base for his new restored Republic now called the Principate. In keeping the form of the Republic he still gives power to the Senate. In China, Gaozu kept the Qin Empire as his influence to keep choosing district officials to hold some of his power. In addition, Augustus includes himself as an ordinary citizen. What he altered from the Republic to the Principate is the reality of power. He never called himself the emperor or dictator but called himself “princeps” meaning first among equals. Gaozu was called the emperor and didn’t disagree in having ultimate power. Instead, he equalized the rest of the people and just put himself on top. Both empires believed in generalization of the people, Augustus just took it a step farther by including himself.

A major similarity in both Imperial Rome and Han China is the idea of having the leading role of the family the eldest male and the women having no place in political issues. In...
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