Impact of Terrorism on Moral and Motivation Levels of Security Forces in J&K

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Synopsis
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IMPACT OF TERRORISM ON MORALE AND MOTIVATION OF SECURITY FORCES IN JAMMU & KASHMIR

Submitted by:

Rajani Santosh

(Synopsis for Ph.D. registration) Proposed Research Topic:

Impact of terrorism on Morale and Motivation of Security Forces in Jammu & Kashmir

Name of the candidate : Name of the Supervisor : Department Faculty Date : : :

Rajani Santosh ________________ Management and Labour Studies, Management Studies March 2009

(Rajani Santosh)

Index
Sl No. Topic Page No.

1.

Introduction………………………………………….

1

2.

Study Area/ Scope of Study………………..

7

3.

Justification………………………………………….

8

4.

Hypothesis & Objective of the Study...

10

5.

Review of Literature…………………………….

10

6.

Research Methodology…………………………

16

7.

Plan of proposed work…………………….……

17

8.

References……………………………………………

18

Synopsis: Impact of terrorism on morale & motivation of security forces in J&K

Introduction:

T

he term “Terrorism” comes from the French word “terrorisme” in 18th century based on the Latin word language verbs “terrere” (to frighten) and “deterrene” (to frighten from). It dates to 1795 and originally used

to describe the actions of Jacobins in their rule of post-revolutionary France, the so called “Reign of terror”. The Jacobins in their rule of France even have said to

coin the term “terrorists” to refer to themselves and they praised terror as the best way to defend liberty. Thus terrorism and terror therefore originally refer to methods employed by regimes to control their open populations through fear.

Some definitions of terrorism:1. “Terrorism” is defined as the premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against non combatant targets by sub national groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience. (Defined by The State department, USA). 2. Paul Pillar, former deputy chief of CIA’s counter terrorism centre, defines terrorism with 4 key elements: • • • • Premeditated – planned in advance, rather than an impulsive act of rage. Political not criminal, like the violence groups such as the mafia use to get money, but designed to change the existing political order. Civilians aimed i.e. not at military target or combat ready troops. Carried out by Sub national groups – not by the army of a country.

Terrorism is the use of violence for the purpose of achieving a political, religious or ideological goal. The targets of terrorist acts can be government officials, military personnel, and people serving in the interest of the government or civilians. Acts of terror against military targets tends to blend into a strategy of guerrilla Warfare. According to one view, one person’s terrorist is another person’s freedom fighter. Random violence against civilians (non-combatants) is the type of actions taken by terrorists for achieving a political goal, on a scale smaller than full scale warfare. Acts of terrorism can be perpetrated by individuals or groups or states, as an alternative to an open declaration of war, and are often carried out by those who otherwise feel powerless. It has also been 1

Synopsis: Impact of terrorism on morale & motivation of security forces in J&K

used by groups wishing to coerce a govt in order to achieve political or other objectives and also by dictatorships or other autocratic governments in order to overcome opposition to their policies. Semi-clandestine individual, group often uses this for idiosyncratic criminal or political reasons, whereby in contrast to assassination – the direct targets of violence are not the main targets. The immediate human victims of violence are generally chosen randomly or selectively from a target population and serve as message generator. Currently most terrorism is drug or religion based and includes spanking of children or the teaching of an eternity of torture in Hell as forms of physical or spiritual terrorism. It may or may...
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