Corporations, like any organization, define and are defined by a shared culture. This culture is created through the use of language first in the creation and implementation of a shared vision articulated in a company mission statement. This vocabulary steers the organization toward what will become their shared culture. This culture is then reinforced through all manners of language, evidenced in corporate communications such as press releases and company policy, the semantics of job titles and descriptions, and in everyday jargon that is used around the legendary water cooler, in stockholder meetings, and in every employee office, desk, and cubicle throughout the organization. In order to prove this point we will first define what corporate culture is, we will then explain how language creates and reflects culture and then use examples of how that language is used specifically in an organization to create and reveal culture. People learn culture. Many qualities of human life are transmitted genetically -- an infant's desire for food, for example, is triggered by physiological characteristics determined within the human genetic code. An adult's specific desire for milk and cereal in the morning, on the other hand, cannot be explained genetically; rather, it is a learned (cultural) response to morning hunger. Culture, as a body of learned behaviors common to a given human society, acts rather like a template, shaping behavior and consciousness within a human society from generation to generation. Culture resides in all learned behavior and in some shaping template or consciousness prior to behavior. In other words, a "cultural template" can be in place prior to the birth of an individual person. This primary concept of a shaping template and body of learned behaviors might be further broken down into the following categories, each of which is an important element of cultural systems. These include systems of meaning, of which language is primary; ways of organizing society, from kinship groups to states and multi-national corporations; and the distinctive techniques of a group and their characteristic products. Culture can be explained in many ways. Anthropologist Clyde Kluckhohn and writer Aimé Cesair offer two interpretations. Kluckhohn in Mirror for Man has defined culture as: 1.
The total way of life of a people
The social legacy the individual acquires from his group
A way of thinking, feeling, and believing
An abstraction from behavior
A theory on the part of the anthropologist about the way in which a group of people in fact behave 6.
A storehouse of pooled learning
A set of standardized orientations to recurrent problems 8.
A mechanism for the normative regulation of behavior
A set of techniques for adjusting both to the external environment and to other men 11.
A precipitate of history
A behavioral map, sieve, or matrix (Geertz 1973).
Cesair, speaking to the World Congress of Black Writers and Artists in Paris, summarized this concept stating, "Culture is everything. Culture is the way we dress, the way we carry our heads, the way we walk, the way we tie our ties -- it is not only the fact of writing books or building houses." In these illustrations it is evident that culture encompasses all aspects of a given society, whether that of a largest of countries or the smallest of corporations. There are two dimensions to the impact of culture on corporate performance. In the first instance, since firms are a part of the larger socio-cultural system and they draw their inputs from it, they cannot be isolated from the cultural milieu. The various values of the society which all the stakeholders share, therefore, affect organizational performance for good or bad. When such values are retrogressive, anti-entrepreneurial and, ethically defective, the organization suffers. On the other hand, when the values are progressive, ethically vibrant,...
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