Impact of Information Technology on Society

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THE APPLICATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND IMPACT ON INDIVIDUALS, SOCIETY AND ORGANIZATIONS

This essay seeks to evaluate application of IT in a chosen workplace and the impact it has had on individuals, society, and in organisations. It will also look at how IT application has impacted human life in terms of day to day activities in the last decade. I have chosen to look at IT applications in my household as I am currently unemployed.

My household has seen an increase in use of IT appliances as they have become more accessible and affordable and they form the context with which we define the family intertainment, education, and work function. Whilst television, radio and telephone were the only IT appliances in my house a decade ago, developments in IT have made it possible to have laptop, mobile phones, microwave and playstations which have improved on quality of life. The application of IT has made it possible to conduct monetary transactions like internet banking, bill payments and grocery shopping from the safety and comfort of my house which is convenient and has reduced time and effort required to carry out these chores.

The convenience of using the internet at home has afforded my family more free time but the downside is we tend to spend this free time on other IT appliances, typically,my kids would be watching TV or on playstation whilst we the parents browse on the internet whereas a decade ago, we would be engaging in family outdoor activities like football. Therefore it suffices to say that IT has transformed our lifestyle positively and has brought with it, convenience and efficiency in our household but has compromised our social and interaction skills as the need for physical interaction with the outside world has been reduced with availability of services online. We now apply IT in almost everything we do at home therefore it plays an integral part in our functionality as a family.

The frequency of interaction between humans and IT devices has increased in the last decade thereby impacting on individuals. IT systems that enable individuals to work from home (teleworking) have removed the barriers of time, space and distance therefore individuals are now able to work anywhere as long as they have access to a phone, laptop and internet connection. Furthermore, work related stress levels are lower as exposure to traffic congestion, road accidents and workplace politics is reduced. The increase in demand for IT products and systems has increased employment opportunities as manufacturers seek labour to increase output so as to satisfy demand (Zorkoczy and Heap,1995). The use of robot controlled machinery has reduced the need for humans to do strenuous, repetitive hence boring jobs. For example car assembly plants use robots for physically demanding and spraypainting tasks which exposed humans to dangerous chemicals in spray paint however, use of these robots has impacted on unemployment levels in these industries( Zorkoczy and Heap,1995).

Individual safety and privacy has been impacted by use of IT systems as highlighted by the rise in internet related crimes this decade. Identity theft, fraud and child pornography are now common because of increased internet use by individuals. Therefore internet is convenient and effective to humans but it has become an easy hunting ground for criminals as their unscrupulous activity are not easily detectable online. Overindulgence in IT has also resulted in human isolation with research by the Stanford group in USA showing that the average internet user spends 3hours a day online, spends less time sleeping and less time socializing with friends and some end up engaging in gambling which has seen a 70% rise due to the internet revolution (Williams and Sawyer,2009). This isolating effect can lead to depression and poor social and interaction skills in society as individuals spend long periods of time alone.

The growth of internet use in UK alone is estimated...
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