Impact of Diet on Health

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The Impact of Diet on Health -
A balanced diet is the correct nutrients in the correct quantity to maintain good health. Nutrients –
Protein – growth and repair
Carbohydrates – energy
Fat – energy and warmth
Vitamins - protection
Minerals – protection
Fluids - Hydration

Protein – You need protein for your body’s growth, maintenance and repair. It helps you to have strong muscles and fight off infections. Protein is one of the most complicated substances within the human body. When you digest protein, it is broken down into much simpler substances called amino acids. Some of the twenty amino acids found in protein can be made by your body. However the other eight amino acids which are called essential amino acids are only obtained by eating certain foods. Protein can be found in eggs, meat, milk, kidney beans, cheese and other dairy products. You can also obtain protein through some vegetable sources, some of which include peas, beans, nuts and cereals. Carbohydrates – You and your body need carbohydrates for energy. Most foods which you consume contain carbohydrates. The body breaks these down into simple sugars which are the major source of energy for the body. There are two major types of carbohydrates or carbs found within foods; simple and complex. Simple Carbohydrates – Simple carbs are found in refined sugars like the sugar you find within a sugar bowl at a café. You will also find simple sugars in more nutritious foods such as fruit and milk. It is better to get your simple sugars from fruit and milk as they contain vitamins, fibre and important nutrients like calcium. Foods such as lollipops do not contain simple sugars as they are full of sugars and additives which are no good for you and your body. Complex Carbohydrates – Complex carbohydrates are also called starches. Starches include grain products such as bread, crackers, pasta and rice. As with simple sugars, some complex carbohydrate foods are better choices than others. Refined grains...
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