Young people are the real asset of country, and they will be the emerging stars of future. For that they need sound education. To be successful in any field, education is as important for youth as blood for heart. According to one study, technology has basically revolutionalised the lives of all the people and accordingly, people would be so much used to the latest technology, that they would bring a dramatic change in the usage of cell phones.”(Oksman, Turtiainen, 2004). Therefore, it is reasonable not only for youth but as well as for the prosperity of the country to conduct research on this group to measure the impact of cellular phones on education. Among young people, the mobile is perceived and used as an always open personal link to a broad network of friends. Through this personal network, young people can easily make contact from almost any place, at almost any time and for almost any reason. Cellular phones have given the opportunity to parents to remain in contact with their children and get rid of tensions related to them. Cell phone has opened the new ways of communication for everyone and expanded the social boundaries in the society; such as, new ways of accessing information through short message service, calls and voice messages, not only this, but the organizing academic meetings and availability of resources and they are possible with the emergence of cell phones. Though the use of cell phones has created lots of ease for society as a whole, it can not be escaped from producing negative effects on society generally and students in particular. Thus, it can not be denied from the fact that the excessive use of everything produces the adverse effects and so does the cell phones. Some studies have shown its harmful effects on human body especially on heart which directly affected the education of students. Based on above, this created the interest to conduct research on the effects and impact of use of cell phones on the study of students on the twin cities of Pakistan that is, Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The first part of this paper introduces the subject matter. The second part portrays the literature review – the works done so far in this area. The third part explains the methodology of this study. Results and discussions have been analyzed in fourth part and last part concludes the study.
Statement of Problem
The use of cellular phones, affect the studies of students of Rawalpindi and Islamabad.
Use of cell phones worsens the education of the students in twin cities.
Definition of Variables
Independent Variable. “Diversion of attention during studies due to cell phones.” This independent variable explains at what extent the diversion of attention can reduce the study hours of the students and explains negative impact on education.
Dependent Variable. “Total study hours in a day”. The variable ‘study hours’ has direct and positive impact on the results of the students and thus it shows the degree, quality and standard of education.
In their article, Adams & Paul are of the view that cell phone can be viewed as a device for saving time and space. They argue that time management is the key motivator for creating a stimuli or sudden response to exchange the information which is the quickest form of technology. (Adams, Paul, 2005). In a work of Bolin, the importance of cell phones has been highlighted by the usage of several surveys which he conducted all over the world. Bolin is of the view that cell phones are a mark of identity for the youth of today. He exclaims that approximately 80% have all over the world cell phones and they have made a world of their own by involving themselves into different activities that are hidden from parents. They use it for several purposes including meetings, text messages. (Bolin, 2006). According to Frandberg, the mobile phone has been the first communication device that...