Impact of Brain Drain on India

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BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE - PILANI
K.K. BIRLA GOA CAMPUS

A Report On

IMPACT OF BRAIN DRAIN ON INDIA

BY

2010A3PS120G
2010A4PS257G
2010A8PS326G
2010A8PS419G

Arihant Lunawat
Rohan Kulkarni
Nidhi Kothari
YVK Shanmukh Kumar

November 16, 2011

BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE – PILANI
K.K. BIRLA GOA CAMPUS

A Report On

IMPACT OF BRAIN DRAIN ON INDIA

PREPARED FOR

Dr. Basavadatta Mitra
PREPARED BY

2010A3PS120G
2010A4PS257G
2010A8PS326G
2010A8PS419G

Arihant Lunawat
Rohan Kulkarni
Nidhi Kothari
YVK Shanmukh Kumar

A Report Submitted In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements Of TA C312 - TECHNICAL REPORT WRITING

NOVEMBER 16, 2011

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
First and foremost we would like to thank Dr. Basavadatta Mitra, our instructor and Dr. Shalini Upadhyay, Instructor in-charge for the course TA C312 (Technical Report Writing), for giving us the opportunity to undertake this study.

We would also like to thank Dr. Saby John K and the entire BITS Alumni Affairs Division especially Sushma and Subhasish for their extreme support and guidance during completion of this report. Lastly, we are thankful to the students of BITS-Pilani, K.K. Birla Goa Campus for helping us with their views and opinions towards the report subject.

ABSTRACT
In the present scenario, Brain Drain is a major global issue and has several negative and positive effects on both the developed and developing countries. With respect to this study, Brain Drain is the emigration of trained professionals, especially engineers to other developed countries in search of better job opportunities and living standards. This report deals with the causes and effects of Brain Drain on the economic and social fabric of India from the perspective of young engineering graduates. For the purpose of reaching a conclusion, about 200 students of BITS-Pilani, K.K. Birla Goa Campus were interviewed by a mail questionnaire, and their responses were analyzed, to understand why students prefer to pursue their higher studies and settle abroad instead of India. We have also looked into the steps to be taken by the government and institutions to mitigate the adverse effects this phenomenon has on our country.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

(i). Acknowledgements
(ii). Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Brain Drain and Indian Engineers
3. Causes of Brain Drain
4. Effects of Brain Drain
5. Measures to Check Brain Drain

6. Conclusion
7. Recommendation
(iii). Appendix

INTRODUCTION
Brain Drain, also known as Human Capital Flight is defined as large scale emigration of trained manpower from a country to another in search of better financial, social and economical standards. It is a major issue around the globe, such that each and every country in the world faces both, its positive and negative impacts. This migration of trained professionals mainly engineers, doctors and scientists, usually occurs from a developing nation to a developed one. India with a huge pool of talented professionals and a developing economy is a perfect stage for this phenomenon. And since the current graduating engineering students are the ones who will face a choice in the near future to either move to a foreign land or work for the development of their own country it is essential to view the situation through their perspective and suggest improvements. Thus, this report does an in-depth analysis on the impacts of Brain Drain on India.

The objectives of this report are: firstly, to identify the social, economical and political conditions in India that promote the migration of talented engineering graduates to foreign countries; Secondly, to discuss the positive and negative impacts of their migration on India and lastly, to figure out ways enhance the positive impacts and mitigate the negative impacts of Brain Drain. This study is done completely from the perspective of present undergraduate engineering students and accommodates views of all...
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