The Impact that Information Technology has on Society.

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Information technology has developed through the years. This has also had an impact had on modern society. The technological advancements have and are changing human kind forever. I.T. development has improved the life style of men and women all around the world. Efficiency and speed, of work and leisure is now at its highest level. Technology will keep on developing and at the same time life is going to be improved.

In my opinion I.T really started with the development of the first computer, the EDVAC. This was a gigantic mainframe computer with no monitor, keyboard or mouse. After a few years personal computers were developed and now you can do things that you could never o before. This was all triggered by the first computer.

During 1945 John von Neumann wrote "First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC" in which he outlined the architecture of a stored-program computer. Electronic storage of programming information and data, eliminate the need for the more clumsy methods of programming, such as punched paper tape; a concept that had characterized mainstream computer development since 1945. Hungarian-born von Neumann demonstrated prodigious expertise in hydrodynamics, ballistics, meteorology, game theory, statistics and the use of mechanical deices for computation. After the war, he concentrated on the development of Princeton's Institute for Advanced Studies computer and its copies around the world.

In February of 1946, the public got its first glimpse of the ENIAC, a machine built by John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert that improved 1,000 times on the speed of its contemporaries.

Start of project: 1943

Completed: 1946

Programmed: plug board and switches

Speed: 5,000 operations per second

Input/Output: cards, lights, switches, plugs

Floor space: 1,000 square feet

Project leaders: John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert

In the following section I am going to write about the impact that I.T. and computers have on Modern Society: More specifically there are four points I will be looking at and these are Employment, Life Style, Privacy and civil liberties.

Employment

I.T. has affected both the employer and employee severely in good and bad ways through out the years. Now work is more effective but the unemployment rate has increase due to the fact that robots and machines can do the work more efficiently than the average person. If you look at supermarkets every single product has a bar code, the creation of this has made the checking, buying and selling of the products much easier than before. Obviously with use of the barcode reader you can now check the price of any product automatically without the need of physically checking it.

In shoe factories where people used to make the shoes with their bare hands, now there are machines that do the work without the presence of anybody there. With the development of I.T., not only people have lost their jobs but also new jobs and careers have been created, for example the computer engineering career could not possibly exist before the creation of computers, but now with that career there are thousands of job possibilities.

Another example is that soon the stock market is going to be replaced by computers instead of stock runners and brokers because the calculations will be done faster and in more efficient way. With time robotics and machinery will keep up replacing people in any calculations or dangerous situations. Home workers on the other hand are going to access a whole new world of possibilities for doing their work.

Life Style

The life style of the human race has improved in various ways. I will start with the basics. Television was probably the most important creation after sliced bread. First it was black and white TV with very few channels to watch, now a days you have satellite and cable TV with a large variety of channels, all with colour and high resolutions.

Television is only one example of these developments. I.T. has...
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