Imogene King

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Imogene King's Theory of Goal Attainement
This page was last updated on 22/07/2010
Imogene King was born in 1923.
Completed her Bachelor in science of nursing from St. Louis University in 1948 •Completed her Master of science in nursing from St. Louis University in 1957 •Completed her Doctorate from Teacher’s college, Columbia University King’s Conceptual Framework

It includes:
Several basic assumptions
Three interacting systems
Several concepts relevant for each system
Basic assumptions
Nursing focus is the care of human being
Nursing goal is the health care of individuals & groups •Human beings: are open systems interacting constantly with their environment •Interacting systems:
opersonal system
oInterpersonal system
oSocial system
Concepts are given for each system
Concepts for Personal System
Growth & development
Body image
Concepts for Interpersonal System
Concepts for Social System
Decision making
Major Theses of King’s conceptual framework
“Each human being perceives the world as a total person in making transactions with individuals and things in environment” •“Transaction represents a life situation in which perceiver & thing perceived are encountered and in which person enters the situation as an active participant and each is changed in the process of these experiences” King’s Theory of Goal Attainment

Theory of goal attainment was first introduced by Imogene King in the early 1960’s. •Theory describes a dynamic, interpersonal relationship in which a person grows and develops to attain certain life goals. •Factors which affects the attainment of goal are: roles, stress, space & time Propositions of King’s Theory

From the theory of goal attainment king developed predictive propositions, which includes: •If perceptual interaction accuracy is present in nurse-client interactions, transaction will occur •If nurse and client make transaction, goal will be attained •If goal are attained, satisfaction will occur

Proposition cont…
If transactions are made in nurse-client interactions, growth & development will be enhanced •If role expectations and role performance as perceived by nurse & client are congruent, transaction will occur •If role conflict is experienced by nurse or client or both, stress in nurse-client interaction will occur •If nurse with special knowledge skill communicate appropriate information to client, mutual goal setting and goal attainment will occur. Major concepts of king’s theory

1. Human being /person: is social being who are rational and sentient. Person has ability to : •perceive
set goals
select means to achieve goals and
to make decision
According to King, human being has three fundamental needs:
(a) The need for the health information that is unable at the time when it is needed and can be used •(b) The need for care that seek to prevent illness, and •(c) The need for care when human beings are unable to help themselves. 2. Health

According to King, health involves dynamic life experiences of a human being, which implies continuous adjustment to stressors in the internal and external environment through optimum use of one’s resources to achieve maximum potential for daily living. 3. Environment

Environment is the background for human interactions. It involves: •(a) Internal environment: transforms energy to enable person to adjust to continuous external environmental changes. •(b) External environment: involves formal and informal organizations. Nurse is a part of the patient’s environment. 4. Nursing

Nursing: is defined as “A process of action, reaction and interaction by which nurse and client share information about their perception in nursing...
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