Immigration in Canada/Us

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Immigration has long been a part of Canadian and United States history. Comparing the immigration policies of both countries gives insight into how they view the importance of having such regulations. Differences between Canada and the Unites States exist with respect to how immigration regulations affect relations between the two countries. Immigrants don’t just come from Mexico in to the United States as many believe. There is a flow of immigration between Canada and the United States, which means there must be peaceful relations as well. Immigrants in North America can enjoy rights of citizenship, and therefore have easier access to becoming a citizen. Since Canada and the United States share similar policies, their view on foreign policy have similarities, but also some differences. Part of their view of immigration comes from the North American Free Trade Agreement. In order to understand the political aspects of both Canada and the United States, one has to understand how each country views NAFTA. This being understood, citizenship and immigration within the two countries go hand in hand. It is wise to analyze the benefits of an immigrant’s rights and accessibility to becoming a citizen. While both countries don’t just let anyone cross the border, Canada has a less developed foreign policy. With the increasing demand to regulate the policies regarding immigrants in the United States and Canada, both countries set standards for those immigrants becoming citizens. At the same time, the process to becoming a citizen shows a more tolerant attitude toward foreign policy on the part of Canadians, while the United States is stricter. The United States has long since been known as a “free” country. For those who are only immigrants though, all of the freedom has to be earned by becoming a citizen. Yet, an immigrant cannot just move to the United States and immediately become a citizen. Majority of the time, immigrants reside as legal alien residents for many years. To be a legal immigrant first though, there is still a process. Immigration is managed by the Visa Office, which is part of the Bureau of Security and Consular Affairs of the Department of State, the Immigration and Naturalization Service of the Department of Justice, the Department of Labor, and the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (Boyd, 1976). The Visa Office handles the issuing of Visas. The Department of Labor provides information needed to be certified to work. The Department of Health, Education, and Welfare “provides selected social security information on aliens to the Immigration and Naturalization Service” (Boyd, 1976). All of these departments are necessary for the social control of aliens, or immigrants. Since regulation for immigration has always been necessary. In 1965, the United States created the Immigration and Nationality Act (Boyd, 1976). This Act “contains regulations on numerical limitations, labor certifications, and a preference system for visas” (Boyd, 1976). It regulates how many people can gain immigration rights to the United States, who is required to be labor certified, and who can gain access to become a legal resident of the United States. The Act serves as a regulatory mandate for all incoming aliens. Though the Unites States 1965 Immigration Act regulates immigration, there are current regulations that stand in place too. In addition to the requirements specified in the Act, immigrants coming to the United States must “already have a job offer to be admitted” (Torrey, 2008). Without a job already lined up, the only other reason a person can be admitted into the United States is under family reunification. This is the most common way immigrants enter the country. The majority of immigrants already have family in the country. The United States regulates immigration to control who enters the country, and so does Canada. Yet, Canada has a slightly different policy on immigration. The...
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