Topics: Coffee, Guatemala, Wheat leaf rust Pages: 4 (1200 words) Published: March 29, 2013
The main enemy of coffee

The coffee plant is a perennial crop which begins to rise after four years of being planted . the life of the coffee bean can be more than 40 years and its production is given once a year during what is called coffee cycle. Coffee , one of the most traded agricultural commodities in the world , grows in large proportion in areas such as : Latin America , Asia and Africa .The warm weather in these parts of the world makes it essay to plant and grow. However, moisture in these territories stimulates the appearance of rust which is a fungus that infects coffee leaf. As a result of that infection the damaging consequences for the coffee crops vary from decreased production of grain to plant death. Similarly, the major effects on producers and coffee planters are large economic losses ,complete eradication of crops ,and loss of most of the production. Thus , leaf rust fungus or “roya” is nowadays not only the main concern of the medium and small coffee planters but also of the largest grain traders and major producers of coffee.(Based on my personal knowledge ).

Guatemala ‘s coffee crop hit by killer fungus

The case of an aggressive mutant strain of rust in Guatemala is the best example of how this killer fungus significantly may affect the coffee market worldwide. According to the Globe and Mail ,in the year of 2012 , Guatemala was invaded by a new variety of this dreaded fungus endangering planting coffee in Central America .The news paper cites that 40 percent of coffee plantation has been affected by this type of fungus. Additionally, The article shows that small and medium coffee growers who lack funds and technological means to eradicate this type of strain have been significantly knocked by the avalanche of this organism. On the other hand, the news paper claims that in the year of 2010 Colombia experienced a similar situation infesting a third part of its crops .In the same way , Arabic producers had considerable losses...
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