Ifad, Country Technical Note on Indigenous People's Issues - Philippines

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Country Technical Note on Indigenous Peoples’ Issues

Republic of the Philippines

Country Technical Notes on Indigenous Peoples’ Issues REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

Submitted by: Jacqueline K. Cariño

Last Update: November 2012

Disclaimer The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of IFAD concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The designations „developed‟ and „developing‟ countries are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular country or area in the development process. All rights reserved

Table of Contents Country Technical Note on Indigenous People‟s Issues- Republic of the Philippines ......... 1 Summary .............................................................................................................. 1 1. Indigenous peoples in the Philippines..................................................................... 2 1.1 Definition of indigenous peoples .................................................................... 2 1.2 History ...................................................................................................... 2 1.3 Population .................................................................................................. 3 1.4 Ethno-linguistic groupings ............................................................................ 3 1.5 Economic activities ...................................................................................... 5 1.6 Characteristics of indigenous peoples............................................................. 6 2. Situation of indigenous peoples ............................................................................ 7 3. National legislation on indigenous peoples ........................................................... 10 4. International treaties, declarations and conventions ratified by the country .............. 12 5. Regional, national and grass-roots organizations/networks in the country ................ 13 6. IFAD‟s work in the country with indigenous peoples ............................................... 15 7.International organizations working in the country with indigenous peoples .............. 25 8.Good practices by the UN and international organizations ....................................... 26 9.Relevant information for IFAD‟s engagement with indigenous peoples ...................... 27 10. Bibliography and relevant links ......................................................................... 29 Annexes .............................................................................................................. 31 Table 1: List of indigenous people in the Philippines ............................................. 31 Table 2: NCIP Data: Regional population distribution of the different Ethnolinguistic Groups of the Philippines ................................................................................. 34 Table 3: List of indigenous peoples'groups in the Philippines by province ................ 39

List of Figures Figure Figure Figure Figure 1: 2: 3: 4: Geographic distribution of Philippine Indigenous Peoples ................................ 3 Livelihood mix among indigenous peoples in the Philippines ........................... 6 Levels of educational attainment in indigenous communities .......................... 8 Enabling and constraining factors in indigenous peoples' food systems .......... 10

Acronyms and Abbreviations
ADB ADSDPPs Anthrowatch ARMM AusAid BCR BDPs BNRMPs CADC CADT CALT CAR CAT CBD CBFM CBFMA CEDAW CEDAW-OP CHARMP CHARMP...
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