SPLASH Info Sheet
It is important that you do not just submit the first version of the essay you have written. Ideally you should give yourself plenty of time to write a first draft, review the first draft and rewrite your essay making necessary changes. Here are some basic tips that may help you.
How do I write the first draft?
• Do not worry too much at this stage about style or good
• However, try to express ideas clearly by avoiding the use of long sentences.
• Write under headings and subheadings from your plan, but leave these out of the final essay.
• If you are having trouble getting going:
- Start by writing down key words – one for every main
- Turn these into sentences.
- Build a paragraph around these sentences.
- Decide on the best order for your paragraphs and how each
idea is linked to the previous one and the next one.
- Use linking words to connect your ideas (see below)
Reviewing the first draft:
Try to leave at least 24 hours after writing before you attempt to review the first draft.
• Ask yourself:
- Am I communicating effectively / is my meaning clear?
- Does my introduction outline the aims / main ideas of the
- Have I made sure each paragraph has just one clear main
- Have I made sure points are not repeated?
- Are there any vague points that need to be made clearer?
- Have I answered all parts of the question?
- Have I made sure the conclusion does not contain new
material or contradict the introduction?
- Have I acknowledged all quotations and referenced sources
- Have I effectively used the feedback from previous
Please refer to SPLASH guide to Editing and Proof-reading
for more help
Linking words for use in academic essays
To order and add further arguments or add emphasis
… also, as well as, moreover, further, furthermore, in addition, additionally, firstly, secondly, thirdly, next, lastly, finally To show...