PEOPLE (IDPs) IN RELATION TO MASSIVE
DISPLACEMENT IN SWAT VALLEY
©Aftab Hussain Malik, Ejaz Ahmed Bhatti
Dr. Nadeem Ehsan, Chairman, EM Department
CASE, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Correspondence regarding this paper should be addressed to:
Dr. Nadeem Ehsan
Aftab Hussain Malik
Malik is a Mechanical Engineer and doing Masters in Engineering Management and working for the cause of IDPs in Pakistan.
Ejaz Ahmed Bhatti
Bhatti is an Electrical Engineer and doing Masters in Engineering Management and working for the cause of IDPs in Pakistan under the umbrella of Saviours Social Organization (SSO), Pakistan.
“When planning for a year, plant corn. When planning for a decade, plant trees. When planning for life, train and educate people ".
The paper aims to formulate a comprehensive design scheme to manage the internally displaced people (IDPs) inside and outside of the camps. As almost two million internally displaced persons (IDPs) have fled to camps, homes, schools and other places of shelter across Pakistan. It proposes modeling of well thought plan of camps, which can not only accommodate the people but also provide all basic and social necessities. The study do not restrict its domain to IDPs ,but offers detailed guidelines to cater such like mishaps in future as well. Methodology: The paper opted for research study due to lack of guidelines in the subject, thus including detailed planning of the issue, few interviews and one expert group discussion The data were complemented by study analysis, including national and international reviews, consulting official documents, descriptions of internal processes. Findings: This paper provides thoughtful insights about how major change can be brought out in managing IDPs during such uncertain and transit phase. It is suggested that well thought out implementation of this concept will bring a well coordinated system, which can be an “integrating force” at the national and international levels: integrating the elements of social sector, and making a bond between the society and the individual. Research Limitations: Because of the chosen research approach, the research results may vary to area and nature of calamity and displacement in its certain aspects. Therefore, researchers are encouraged to test the proposed propositions further. Practical Implications: Doubtlessly, the paper includes implications for the development of a procedure, which thus can be the beginning towards massive development in the field of rescue and relief to larger number of people. Originality: This paper fulfils an identified need to manage the IDPs on humanitarian basis. Keywords: Swat, Internally displaced people, IDPs, Humanitarian basis, Leadership, Social change, NGOs. Introduction
Swat is a valley and an administrative district in the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) of Pakistan located 160 km/100 miles from Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan. It is the upper valley of the Swat River, which rises in the Hindu Kush range. The capital of Swat is Saidu Sharif, but the main town in the Swat valley is Mingora.It was a princely state in the NWFP until it was dissolved in 1969. With high mountains, green meadows, and clear lakes, it is a place of great natural beauty that used to be popular with tourists as "the Switzerland of Pakistan". The wanton excesses perpetrated by Taliban against innocent civilians in Bajaur, Swat, and Buner and the sequential military counter offensives reportedly have driven over a million citizens of Pakistan from their homes and turned them into refugees within their own country.The UN system euphemistically classifies these unfortunate men, women, and children as IDPs, who are herded into makeshift camps where they may languish for years and often are unable to return...