The African Nation of Uganda has had a short history, but nonetheless, an eventful one. Since independence, this country known as the “Pearl of Africa” and its people have been terrorised by corrupt, military-based leaders and dictatorships. Idi Amin is one of the most memorable leaders post independence, memorable mostly however for his brutal methods and massive violation of human rights. Idi Amin's power and influence significantly disadvantaged Uganda during his time in office through his brutality and racial genocides. This essay will cover Uganda's history prior to Idi Amin, his contribution to mass genocides from 1971 to 1979, the effect this had socially, politically and economically and arguments as to whether he advantaged or disadvantaged Uganda.
Uganda's history prior to Idi Amin was reasonably peaceful. During the colonial era, Uganda was partly governed by the British Empire. Settler Sir Harry Johnston was the commissioner and consul general for the British Central African Protectorate from 1891 to '98, and was then promoted to Special Comissioner for the Uganda Protectorate in particular. This established a policy between the already existing African tribes such as the Bugandans and England, forbidding land ownership by whites. The Uganda Protectorate was established so that the territory of “Buganda” (Buganda, the more present-day term being Uganda) could be extended over borders to create a larger country. Prior to Idi Amin, this was a relatively peaceful country with no racial conflict. Coming closer to Uganda's independence, the African “kabakas” (kings) wanted more political freedom than the British Empire would allow, so they broke with England and became The Republic of Uganda in 1962.
The Bugandan Kabaka Edward Muteesa II was elected President and Milton Obote, Prime Minister. In 1966, a power struggle between the Obote-led government and President/Kabaka Muteesa ended in an Obote government-dominated referendum which removed the...
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