Ideology

Page 1 of 3

Ideology

By | Feb. 2006
Page 1 of 3
IDEOLOGY

An ideology is a collection of ideas. The word ideology was coined by Count Destutt de tracy in the late 18th century to define a "science of ideas." An ideology can be thought of as a comprehensive vision, as a way of looking at things, as in common sense and several philosiphical tendencies, or a set of ideas proposed by the dominant class of a society to all members of this society Every society has an ideology that forms the basis of the "public opinion" or common sense, a basis that usually remains invisible to most people within the society. This dominant ideology appears as "neutral", holding to assumptions that are largely unchallenged. Meanwhile, all other ideologies that differ from the dominant ideology are seen as radical, no matter what the content of their actual vision may be. Organisations that strive for power will try to influence the ideology of a society to become closer to what they want it to be. Political organisations (govenments included) and other groups (e.g. lobbyists) try to influence people by broadcasting their opinions. Liberalism is an ideology, or current of political thought, which holds liberty as the primary political value. Liberalism seeks a society characterized by freedom of thought for individuals, limitations on the power of government and religion, the rule of law, the free exchange of ideas, a free market economy that supports private enterpise, and a system of gvoenment that is transparent. This form of government favors liberal democracy with open and fair elections, where all citizens have equal rights by law, and an equal opportunity to succeed. Liberalism rejected many foundational assumptions which dominated most earlier theories of government, such as the divine rights of kings, hereditary status, and established religion. Fundamental human rights that all liberals support include the right to life, liberty, and property. Conservatism is any number of political philophies or attitude amphasizing...