SECTION I: FINDING PREPOSITIONS PHRASES
Underline the preposition phrases in each sentence. There may be more than one.
1. Gustav Mahler’s Symphony No. 3 is the longest of all symphonies.
2. Claude Monet painted hundreds of pictures of the same water-lily garden.
3. Among the most easily recognized photographs are those of Ansel Adams.
4. Julia Margaret Cameron, a pioneering photographer of the 19th century, developed new techniques in portrait photography.
5. During his career, Italian sculptor Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini worked for five popes.
SECTION II: IDENTIFY TYPES OF PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES
Underline the prepositional phrase in each sentence. Circle the word or words that it modifies. Then, in the blank, write ADJ or ADV to identify what kind of prepositional phrase it is.
6. Early phonograph records of Enrico Caruso are valuable today.
7. Computer animation produces special effects for many films.
8. Frank Lloyd Wright turned against traditional architectural styles.
9. Sculptures can be created from clay, wood, stone, plaster, or metal.
10. Artist George O’Keefe began painting the sky and clouds after an airplane ride
SECTION III: REVISING WITH PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES
Revise each sentence below, adding one or more prepositional phrase to modify the words that are italicized. In parentheses after every prepositional phrase, write ADJ for adjective phrase or ADV for adverb phrase.
11. That building holds many studios.
12. The artist drew a sketch.
13. Artists perfect their skills.
SECTION IV: IDENTIFYING ESSENTIAL AND NONESSENTIAL APPOSITIVE PHRASES Underline the appositive phrase in each sentence. Circle the noun it identifies. Add necessary commas. On the line, identify each phrase as E for essential or NE if it is nonessential.
14. Swiss scientist Jacques Piccard is an oceanographic engineer.
15. His father Auguste Piccard designed the bathyscaphe.
16. In 1953, the two Piccards descended 10,300 feet under the Mediterranean Sea in the bathyscaphe Trieste.
17. The Great Barrier Reef a chain of coral reefs is located of the northeastern coast of Australia.
18. The coral is formed by polyps hardened skeletons of flowerlike water animals.
SECTION V: COMBINING WITH APPOSITIVE PHRASES
Combine each set of sentence into one sentence by using appositives phrases. Use commas as necessary.
19. Jacques Cousteau developed his lifelong passion while an office with the French navy. Cousteau’s passion in life was underwater exploration.
20. Jacques Cousteau was a marine explorer, writer, and filmmaker. He produced The Silent World (1953) and World Without Sun (1966). These films were both winners of Academy Awards.
21. World Without Sun is about five men living in an underwater capsule. This movie is a film documentary.
SECTION VI: IDENTIFYING PARTICIPIAL PHRASES
In each sentence, find and underline the participial phrase that modifies the boldfaced noun or pronoun. On the blank, write what kind of participial it is: PRESENT for present participle or PAST for past participle.
22. Writing quickly, the students took the exam
23. The travelers saw a huge stone castle perched on the rocky cliff.
24. The boy performing a solo on the trumpet is my brother.
25. Swimming with his friend, Frances made it to the float.
26. Ed’s sailboat, damaged near the stern, was unusable.
SECTION VII: USING PARTICIPIAL PHRASES TO COMBINE SENTENCES
Use participial phrases to combine each set of sentences into one sentence.
27. The soccer players were exhausted from the game. They collapsed on the grass.
28. The Grand Canyon is located in Arizona. The Grand Canyon is a spectacular sight.
29. The library needed money for new books. The library sponsored a craft fair.
30. The hurricane swept up the coast. It destroyed everything in its path.
SECTION VIII: IDENTIFYING GERUNDS