Explain why it is important to take a balanced approach to risk management
All activities a child does involves and element of risk. Ensure it is well planned and organised with thought given to the risk. If we responded to all the risks, the children would be unable to explore and experiment. Children need to explore and experiment, its part of their development, which allows them to learn. Children need to develop their skills, with little adult intervention. Ensure to balance the risk of an activity against the benefit to and safety of the child.
Explain the dilemma between the rights and choices of children and young people and health and safety requirements
Children learn from trying new experiences, they do not have the skills to make judgements about safety. Carers are there to ensure that children can experiment and undertake activities of their choice in a safe environment, through a risk assessment. Children learn from their mistakes and the choices they make. The practitioners ensure all children are protected from harm in a well controlled setting.
Explain the partnership model of working with carers
The partnership between parents and practitioners working together is the best outcome for the children. This forms the basis of the model of partnership with parents and carers. Parents and carers work together to share ideas, information and thoughts about the best for the children. As part of the partnership with carers model, the parents are involved as much as they want to be. Parents should feel they can come into the setting to talk about their child at anytime, without an appointment. Parents can view and discuss the observations and assessments that take place in the setting about their child. Parents are encouraged to share ideas on the planning and decision making. A lot of settings, have open mornings where the parents are invited into the setting to share experiences with their children in a different environment from home.
Identify the dietary requirements of different cultural or religious groups
Religious or cultural group Dietary requirements
Islam Islamic dietary requirements specify that only Halal (lawful) Lamb, Beef and Chicken, fish and shellfish can be consumed. Pork is a forbidden food to the Islamic people, Haram (unlawful). Cheese which has been certified Halal or cheese that does not contain rennet such as vegetarian cheese (rennet is extracted from the mucosa of a calf’s stomach, added to some cheeses). Eggs, tea, coffee and cocoa are permitted in the Islamic diet. Ramadan is a time of spiritual reflection and worship and is the Islamic month of fasting for in the 9th month of the Islamic calendar and lasts 29/30 days. Muslims adults refrain from eating and drinking in the daylight hours.
Judaism Jewish dietary requirements specify that only kosher Lamb, Beef and chicken can be consumed. Kosher is not a style of cooking, it is the way in which the food is prepared or the way the animal is killed, (in accordance with the Jewish law) Fish is to be eaten with the fins and scales. Cheese, milk and yoghurts are never eaten in the same meal even drinks containing milk are forbidden when eating meat dishes. Eggs are permitted providing they do not have any blood spots. Shellfish is forbidden to the Jewish people. Tea, coffee and cocoa are permitted. The saucepans, crockery and cutlery that have been used to cook non kosher food are then believed to be non-kosher utensils and are not to be used for kosher foods. Yom Kippur is the holiest day of the Jewish people and is celebrated on the 9th day of the Hebrew month of Tishrei. The Jewish adults fast for 25 hours.
Due to the fact that there are vast grey areas on what Sikhs eat and refrain from eating, in our setting we require written confirmation from parents on what their child is/is not allowed to eat The general consensus is that Sikhs are free to choose whether to adopt a vegetarian or meat diet....
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