This Act identifies the responsibilities of parents and professionals who must work to ensure the safety of the child. This Act includes two important sections which focus specifically on child protection. Section 47 states that the Local Authority has ‘a duty to investigate when there is a reasonable cause to suspect that a child is suffering, or likely to suffer, significant harm’. Section 17 states that services must be put into place to ‘safeguard and promote the welfare of children within the area who are in need’.
The Education Act 2002
This sets out the responsibilities of Local Education Authorities (LEAs), governing bodies, head teachers and all those working in schools to ensure that children are safe and free from harm.
Children Act 2004
This provides the legal framework for Every Child Matters. It includes the requirement for:
services to work more closely, forming an integrated service
a ‘common’ assessment of children’s needs
a shared database of information which is relevant to the safety and welfare of children
earlier support for parents who are experiencing problems.
Policies which safeguard schools must develop a range of policies which ensure the safety, security and well-being of their pupils. These will set out the responsibilities of staff and the procedures that they must follow. Policies may be separate or incorporated into one health and safety policy, but they must include sections which cover the following issues of:
safeguarding and protecting, and procedures for reporting
bullying, including cyber-bullying (see page 00).
The Department for Education (DfE) provides guidance for local authorities including schools. Schools use this guidance to develop their own policy and procedures which must be followed. Two of these are listed below.
Working Together to Safeguard Children (2006)
This is guidance which sets out the duties of organisations and how they must work together to safeguard children and young people. What to do if you’re worried that a child is being abused (2006) This is guidance to help those working with children safeguard and promote their welfare. It also looks at the actions which all adults working with children should take if they are concerned.
Describe the roles of different agencies involved the welfare of children and young in safeguarding people
All adults within the school have a responsibility to safeguard the welfare of children. There must also be a named member of staff with particular responsibilities for safeguarding children and for e-safety. Schools have a responsibility to:
develop children’s awareness and their knowledge of what is acceptable and not acceptable behaviour, including when using the Internet
know, support and protect children who are identified as being at greater risk – that is, on the ‘at risk register’
provide opportunities for professional training of all staff relating to safeguarding
put into place policies and security systems for e-learning activities, for example, provide training for children and use filtering soft ware
observe for signs that abuse may be happening, changes in children’s behaviour or failure to thrive, and refer any concerns
monitor, keep records and share appropriate information with other agencies.
The safety and welfare of children depends upon agencies working together. For example, when assessing the needs of individual children there may be a meeting between the child and family, health services, social services and the school..
Children’s social care
Children’s social care has a key role to safeguard and promote the welfare of children who are in need. To do this, they must work in partnership with parents and other agencies. When concern has been raised about a child, and...