Identify and Briefly Describe the Features of Any Four Structures You Are Familiar with and Discuss the Reasons for Diversity of Type and Structure of Organisations. Give Examples Where Appropriate

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"There are always, in any explanation of organisational structure, four types"#, with any breakdown of viewpoints of organisation culture, whether it be by structualists or ideologists , they all agree there is always 4 cultures and 4 structures. Four types of structure which are identified by structualists, are common within organisations today, these are Functional Structure, Matrix Structure, Web Structure and Closter Structure. Firstly the Functional Structure, is where the organisation itself is structured around functions rather than a product line#, which means it is structured groups in specialized similar skills, rather than working in one whole unit. This kind of structure is best utilised when creating a specific product, and a mass amount of the product, and is a structure that is economically efficient in keeping the organisation afloat, but the biggest drawback with this economic efficiency is that there is a lack of flexibility. With Matrix structure there is a big difference to Functional Structure, in that within a Functional Structure, the workers only have to report to one boss, within the Matrix Structure its two bosses, which would be the head of the workers department and the coordinator of the given work project.# Within this given structure, workers will just get on with the task given and then move on to the next task at hand, this makes this structure highly efficient when getting a task done. One such example of this is kind of structure would be the Google Organisation, where the employees, again do report to two bosses, but are also grouped together to complete a task on work project, whilst moving on within their own functional unit when completing work project.# With a Web structure, it can be described simply as a structure of Hierarchy, where the figurehead has the power. At each stage of the web each individual has a number of workers below them, until you reach the bottom of basic workers that make up the large bass of the...
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