Ideals and Theology of the Second Great Awakening

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These reform movements took place in six categories. Temperance, education, women’s rights, abolition, insane and prison reforms. “�Jackson for ever!’ was therefore screamed from the majority of mouths, both drunk and sober, till he was elected.” (Document 4) Frances Trollope of England wrote this in her book Domestic Manners of the Americans. This describes how dependent American society was on alcohol. As a result, Neal Dow helped pass the first prohibition law in 1846; the Maine Law. By 1860, Horace Mann of Massachusetts help to make sure that every state has compulsory childhood education. Women’s rights became increasingly popular during the Second Great Awakening. It had its roots in the abolition movement. Document C depicts a women in chains, this is more than likely how women of that era felt about their position in government or anywhere else for that matter. Many women were involved in this reform movement such as the Grimke sisters, Susan B. Anthony, Lucretia Mott, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. According to Document I, Elizabeth Cady Stanton made this statement at Seneca Falls on August 2, 1848. “…But we are assembled to protest against a form of government, existing without the consent of the governed—to declare our right to be free as man is free, to be represented in the government which we are taxed to support, to have such disgraceful laws as give man the power to chastise and imprison his wife….And, strange as it may seem to many, we now demand our right to vote according to the declaration of the government under which we live.” (Document I) Abolition once again played a role in American society again. The reform movement began actually in 1816 when the American Colonization Society was founded. Many influential people reported why they wanted abolition in the “Liberator” an abolitionist newspaper, especially William Lloyd Garrison. The insane reform movement was lead by...
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