Idea

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Task 1 (601.3.2-05)

A) Summarize the six key components of the original 1975 IDEA (Individuals with

Disabilities Education Act).

History

The original 1975 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), was passed to

make certain that students with disabilities receive a publicly funded special

education that is fair and appropriate in the least restrictive environment. Since its

inception, it has been modified several times to make it more effective. In 1986, the

law was amended to now include infants and toddlers. For high school students,

transitional planning was mandated in 1990 to set goals and prepare students for

the post high school years. Over the years, schools would wait until a student would

fall considerably behind their peers for intervention. It wasn’t until 2006 a process

called Response to Intervention (RTI) allowed early intervention to determine other

ways to prevent academic failure. New concepts have been added to the law such

as, the Individualized Educational Plan (IEP) that is individually tailored for each

student with exceptionalities.

Purpose

The main purpose of IDEA, which is now renamed 2004 IDEA, is to offer all children

with disabilities:

• a free appropriate public education (FAPE) geared to meet the distinct

learning needs of the individual child. The quality of educational services

provided to students with disabilities must be equal to those provided to

non-disabled students.

• to ensure safeguards by defending the rights of parents and their child with a

disability.

• to aid states with early intervention for infants and toddlers along with their

families.

• to provide the necessary tools and support system that raises educational

results for these exceptional children.

• to evaluate and monitor that objectives are met and aligned with state

content standards.

IDEA Components

There are six key components:

1) Eligibility - Locate, identify, & provide services to all eligible students with

disabilities. Must determine that a child has a specific learning disability in

one or more of the central nervous system processes involved in

understanding or using concepts through verbal or non verbal means. A child

must be evaluated by a multidisciplinary committee and testing must be free

from bias (racially, culturally, linguistically). Various types of assessments

must be administered. Evaluations should be geared to enable the child to be

involved in the general curriculum.

2) FAPE – Federal government provides assistance to states to provide a free

public education for eligible children with disabilities (regardless of the

severity). Any related services such as occupational therapy must also be

provided if deemed necessary in order for the child to benefit from special

education. Tutoring programs where put into action for those disabled

students needing extra help passing required classes.

3) Individualized education program (IEP) – an individualized tailored education

plan for each student with disabilities. This plan addresses the current level of

academic functioning, objectives and goals, special education and related

services to support the child, levels of participation in general education

programs such as, state and district-wide tests and extracurricular activities,

transition services, goals to be achieved, and evaluations to monitor progress.

4) Least restrictive environment (LRE) – allows children with disabilities the

opportunity to learn their education in regular classes with the use of

supplementary aids and services to the maximum extent...
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