Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist, famous for his theory of personality. He is considered one of the most prominent thinkers of the first half of the 20th century. Freud is best known for his theories on the unconscious mind and the defense mechanism of repression, but in this essay, I’m writing about his idea on id, ego, and super ego, and how he proposed that the brain could be diviided into those 3 parts.
According to Freud, we are born with id and it is important because as infants, it allows us to get our basic needs met. He believed that id was based on our “pleasure prinicple” so that we want whatever feels good at the time without taking in the reality of the situatuion. Id doesn’t care about the needs of anyone else, only its own satisfaction. An example of this is when a child is uncomfortable, the id makes them cry until their needs are met, nomatter the condition of the people around it.
At about the time we become toddlers, the second part of personality begins to develop and it is called ego. It is based on the “reality principle” bacause it appears as we start to interact with the world. This is the part that understands that other people have needs and desires. The ego allows us to figure out that being impulsive and selfish can have negative affects and gets our needs met while taking into consideration reality, unlike id. An example is a 3-year-old who wants their mom to play with them, but knows that if they do, she wont be able to cook dinner.
The last stage of development is the superego and it appears around the age of 5. This is considered the moral part of our personality which makes sense because it’s the the moral and ethical restraints placed on us by our guardians that results in its appearance. The idea of superego is like to the conscience part of out brain because it distinguishes between right and wrong, and produces the feeling of quilt. The Superego works in...