The role of Smoking and Tobacco Product Usage Control Act-2005 to Stop Cultivation Tobacco and Shifting to Food Production
Presented & Prepared By
Md. Bazlur Rahman
Department of Business Administration
Mrs. Farhana Zaman Liza
Mohiuddin Al Faruk
Chapter – One
When we began work on this study, we were surprised by the paucity of literature on the subject. The cooperation and support received from a number of people were a great help towards completion of the study. We have taken efforts in this project. However, it would not have been possible without the kind support and help of many individuals and organizations. We would like to extend my sincere thanks to all of them. We are highly indebted to Assistant Prof. Md. Bazlur Rahman for his guidance, constant supervision and valuable inputs during the various stages of the study. We are grateful to him for giving us the necessary knowledge to conduct this research and also like to thanks for giving us vital theoretical & practical resources that we dearly needed to create a comprehensive research deign for this research. Our sincerest and special thanks to Associate Prof. Md. Rofiqul Islam, Chairman and Register (Acting), Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Business Studies, Dhaka International University who gave us the moral support that we required and for inspired us always. We would like to express gratitude to our respected teacher, Associate Prof. Md. Mafizur Rahman, Dean, Faculty of Business Studies, Dhaka International University for his co-operation and influential suggestions for completing this project successfully. We are heartily grateful to Professor Dr. Nurul Momen, Vice – Chancellor of Dhaka International University, Dr. S. Quadir Patwari, Chairman, Board of Trustees, Dhaka International University and Barrister S. H. Patwary, Vice – Chairman, Board of Trustees, Dhaka International University for appreciate us as to arrange a seminar. We want to give thanks to Dr. Shah Alam Chowdhury, Associate Professor, Department of English and Student’s Well Fare Advisor, Dhaka International University, for inspired us and helped us always. We would like to thank those tobacco farmers of Kushtia zone (Kushtia, Meherpur, Chuadanga, etc), Hill tracts zone (Chittagong, Bandarban, Rangamati, Khagrachhari, & Cox’s Bazar), and Rangpur zone (Rangpur, Gaibandha, Nilphamari, Kurigram, & Lalmonirhat) who spared us their precious time to share their experiences with tobacco farming.
In the words of the report tobacco cultivation leads to: “exacerbation of poverty in particular two issues related to social disruption like bonded labour and child labour; food security and malnutrition. Contractual arrangements trap farmers in a vicious cycle of debt, leaving them with few opportunities and little time for healthy practices. The report makes a number of claims that tobacco cultivation has negative environmental (deforestation; water pollution; soil degradation; biodiversity losses) and social effects and that a strategy of both demand and supply reduction for tobacco is required. Tobacco growing entails a number of irreversible costs to farmers, which not only seriously damage their living standards but also erode their long-term prospects. Health risks, working conditions, contractual arrangements, the use of children in tobacco growing, and the environmental practices of tobacco growing have negative impacts on human capital and land, the two crucial assets in rural livelihoods.”
Bangladesh is an agriculture-based country. However, nowadays, tobacco cultivation has increased significantly (about 65 percent) in the last few years compared to other cereal crops....