Ib Internal Assessment

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Women In Latin America| June 13
2012
|
Shikira Sherrod, IA, Jones: Block 1X| |

Shikira Sherrod
07/25/2011
Women in Latin America
This internal assessment is about the unfair treatment of women in Latin America. The method being used for my investigation is, researching different articles relating to the different struggles women are going through like, domestic violence, rape, abortions, inequality between men and women, etc. This was the topic of choice because it’s current and a very big deal. Women deserve better treatment, which they aren’t getting for the simple fact that they are women. Many people that are high in power are doing what they can to help these women and they’ve managed to give women a few rights, like the right to divorce but the problem has not been officially settled.

What was found out through research was, that most countries in Latin America still have yet to legalize abortions, women’s groups belonging to the largest roman catholic church in brazil just successfully pushed for new regulations this year that permit a rape victim to get an abortion without providing a police report to doctors, as was required. Another problem is, in many countries domestic violence is a major problem still trying to be solved. Enforcement of laws is also a major concern. Police often fail to respond or are hostile to women to report domestic violence. To address the problem, women’s groups in the region started to promote special women’s police units to be run and staffed by women. In Mexico, the law in 8 states does not consider domestic violence a crime and 12 do not penalize rape in marriage. In many countries in Latin America, police require women to undergo a medical examination and receive a certificate before they can file an official complaint for domestic violence. Examiners frequently underreport injuries sustained through domestic violence due to difficulty of determining what this violence constitutes. Consequently, many medical examiners classify injuries they perceive as less serious as a misdemeanor rather than a felony. Abortion laws are also a very big deal in Latin America. In many countries getting an abortion is illegal, but yet has the highest rate for abortions. In a region where is little sex education and social taboos keep unmarried women from seeking contraception, criminalizing abortion has not made it rare, only dangerous. Up to 5,000 women die each year from abortions in Latin America, and hundreds for thousands more are hospitalized. Few countries permit abortions in extreme circumstances, mostly when the mother’s life is at risk, the fetus won’t survive through term or pregnancy due to rape. Every year an estimated 40,000 women prefer to run the risk of jail and dangerous backstreet abortions than give birth to an unwanted, possibly severely handicapped baby, or a child resulting from rape or incest. Also, male emigration has left women with the double work of farm and family, while the number of female-headed households, both rural and urban, has doubled in a single decade. Women in all regions of the world suffer subordination to men, in economic, political and social life and in the home. According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, which is composed of the advanced capitalist democracies, Latin American women suffer less total gender discrimination – in ownership rights, civil liberties, and family codes and physical integrity – than other regions of the world except for the OECD states. This does not mean women have achieved equality but they certainly enjoy the rights that are denied to other women in different countries. In the workplace, it is obvious that as the condition of women improves, the space they occupy becomes devalued. For instance, with women’s participation in the work market: as some occupations become “feminized” – that is with a higher ratio of women than men going into them – the income they get becomes reduced as...
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